Dental Hygiene Courses
Bachelor Course Descriptions
|3002||Oral Radiology I|
An in-depth introduction to dental radiography. Subject matter includes the history of dental x-rays; theoretical aspects of x-ray production, the x-ray machine; radiation protection; applications of dental x-ray film; normal radiographic anatomy; and patient education.
|3003||Dental Hygiene II|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3014, 3114 Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 3005 (Clinical Practice II).
This course focuses on the fundamental knowledge base necessary to instruct dental patients in prevention of oral diseases with a study of professional and patient utilized plaque removal techniques and aids as they apply to various age groups of patients, use of fluorides, oral irrigation, care of hypersensitive teeth, and cleaning of dental appliances. Discussion of basic research methodology in regard to product evaluation. An examination of common physical characteristics of various age groups with emphasis on how these might affect treatment, as well as content of patient education. Includes discussion and analysis of the patient/healthcare provider relationship regarding ethical and legal responsibilities of each.
|3005||Clinical Practice II|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3113, 3114 Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 3003
Further development of skills acquired in prerequisite Clinical Practice course through treatment of clinical patients under close supervision of program faculty. Introduction and development of selective polishing procedures and practical application of professional methods utilized to clean dental appliances.
Properties of the materials used in restorative dentistry and the influence of manipulation upon those properties as related to private practice.
Microscopic anatomy of the teeth and related oral structures. Subject matter includes an introduction to General Histology; the embryologic development of the face and oral cavity; development of teeth and their eruption; tooth enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp; periodontal ligament; salivary glands; dental caries; and the temporomandibular joint.
The study of the normal and pathological structures of the periodontium with emphasis on patient education by the hygienist for the prevention of periodontal disease and gingival problems. Includes information on various treatment modalities for management of periodontal disease.
|3102||Oral Radiology II|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3002.
Hands on oral radiology; includes practical experience in both laboratory and clinical applications. Students gain experience in mounting and interpretation of dental radiographs. Also includes discussions of infection control in radiographic procedures, quality assurance in dental radiography, intra and extraoral film placement criteria, and principles of panoramic radiography.
|3014||Dental Hygiene I|
Prerequisite(s): Admission procedures completed or consent of Dental Hygiene Department Chair. Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 3114 (Clinical Practice I).
Overall orientation to program, review of the history of the dental hygiene profession, discussion of institutional accreditation and individual licensing, and an introduction to the current dental health trends, issues, research, and legislation influencing the dental hygiene profession as well as the changing role of the dental hygienist. Emphasis is placed on a study of the prevention of disease transmission, content and rationale for comprehensive assessment of health, dental, and periodontal status; content and rationale for treatment plans and summaries; and instrumentation techniques and patient education based on the needs of the individual patient. This course must be taken in conjunction with Clinical Practice I to achieve basic cognitive, psychomotor, and affective skills in patient care procedures.
|3114||Clinical Practice I|
Prerequisite(s): Admission procedures completed or consent of Dental Hygiene Department Chair. Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 3113
Application of didactic instruction from the course Dental Hygiene I (DNHY 3014) with emphasis on application of the principles of infection control, acquiring skills to detect and remove calculus and other tooth deposits, and assessment and documentation of patients’ medical, dental, and periodontal status. Laboratory practice on manikins and clinical experiences on selected patients (fellow classmates).
|3124||Head, Neck, and Dental Anatomy|
Detailed anatomy of dental structures with special emphasis on human dentition in laboratory sessions through study and identification of extracted teeth. Identification of components of the temporomandibular joint as well as nomenclature, osteology, osteous landmarks, muscles, nerves, vascular supply and drainage, and glands of the head and neck region.
Introduction to general pathology relating causative factors to clinical manifestations. Study of gross and microscopic lesions of the teeth and related oral tissues. Emphasis placed on degenerative changes, dental caries and its sequelae, periodontal disease, mucous membrane pathology, and neoplasia.
|4013||Dental Health Education|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3003, 3005, 3023
This course builds on previously learned knowledge by integrating it with the concepts of learning theory and applications, motivation, and the physical, mental, emotional, social, and moral development of various age groups. Emphasis is placed on the interrelationship of physical (general, as well as oral), psychological, social, and economic influences in compliance and noncompliance with preventive dental health programs, techniques, and aides. It explores the dental hygienist’s role in the assessment of patient needs, planning treatment and patient education strategies, and then implementation and evaluation of these activities. Preparation of terminal and behavioral objectives, curriculum development, and preparation of lesson plans to be used in community projects in Dental Public Health.
|4018||Clinical Practice III|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3114, 3005, 3102. Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 4023
Clinical practice continued in the Gaines Dental Hygiene Clinic as well as extramural sites in the community. Furthers development of instrumentation and assessment skills acquired in prerequisite Clinical Practice courses on patients of a more difficult caliber. Introduction and development of techniques for pit and fissure sealant placement, ultrasonic scaling, periodontal scaling and root planning. Enhances proficiency in exposing, developing, and assessing dental radiographs taken on patients by providing clinical application of didactic and laboratory instruction from prerequisite course in oral radiology, under instructor supervision.
|4022||Dental Public Health|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 4013
Theory, methodology, and application of the principles of public health in relating the significance of oral health to total health, with special emphasis on the role of the dental team in public health programs and the use of a basic systems approach to the development of any public health program. Provides an overview of how statistics are utilized in research and development of public programs. Specific topics include but are not limited to study design, central tendency and variability, probability, repeated analysis of variance, data association and prediction, and the evaluation of research studies.
|4023||Dental Hygiene III|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3003, 3005, 3102. Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 4018 (Clinical Practice III).
A study of the rationale, indications and/or contraindications, and utilization techniques for various procedures including: pit and fissure sealants, ultrasonic scaling, periodontal scaling and root planning. The concepts of decision making are examined to assist students to develop responsibility and accountability for their actions. Recognition and management of life-threatening emergency situations are reviewed, with in-depth discussion of the etiological and/or precipitating factors, and the possible effects of these factors on the oral tissues. Emphasis is placed on the integration of this information with knowledge obtained in prerequisite courses to further develop skills in obtaining comprehensive patient medical histories. This course must be taken in conjunction with Clinical Practice III to achieve cognitive, psychomotor, and affective skills in patient care procedures covered.
|4032||Dental Hygiene IV|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 4023 Concurrent enrollment in DNHY 4038 (Clinical Practice IV).
A study of the rationale, indications and/or contraindications, and utilization techniques for air-powdered polishing units. CPR recertification and a general review of dental hygiene science, as needed in preparation for the National Board Examination. Preparation for the transition from the school setting to private practice dental offices and/or public health institutions with guest lecturers and discussions on new developments in patient care, resume writing and job interviewing, patient and personal insurance, and legal and ethical decisions facing health care providers. Other major concepts included are the political aspects of dental and dental hygiene care, decision making, responsibility, and accountability. The study of this content assists the students to develop responsibility for personal professional growth.
|4038||Clinical Practice IV|
Prerequisite(s): DNHY 3114, 3005, 4018.
Clinical practice continued in the Gaines Dental Hygiene Clinic as well as extramural sites in the community. Practice in the use of more advanced treatment modalities. Further development of instrumentation and assessment skills with limited instructor assistance. The student will assume responsibility for all aspects of dental hygiene treatment for each of their clinical patients, with limited instructor input and supervision.
Study and exercises concerning the general principles of pharmacology and of pharmaceuticals. Emphasis on pain relieving drugs, antibiotics, and the anesthetics used in dentistry. Includes nitrous oxide - oxygen conscious sedation and management of drug related emergencies.