Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to:
• Apply appropriate research methods.
• Formulate an appropriate research question.
• Compose a publication quality substantive research paper.
• Format a literature review in appropriate APA style (no original research is allowed).
American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed. Washington, DC: Author. [ISBN 1-4338-0561-8]
Research Question & Outline
Body of Paper
100 – 90
89 - 80
79 - 70
69 - 60
This course is divided into six (6) assignments and all assignments must adhere to the following requirements:
The assignments should be written using standard technical writing skills. This includes appropriate spelling, grammar, sentence structure, transitions, text flow, currency of knowledge, and scope of research.
Assignment 1 – Research Question and Outline (5%)
The student must continue with the topic/research question presented during RADS 3503 and must be approved by the instructor. Note: If the student is repeating this course, a new topic/research question must be approved by the instructor.
The outline should be based on published literature.
This course only allows topics related to Radiologic Sciences (which emphasize the role of technologists), not papers related to clinical radiology (which emphasize the role of radiologists). For example, “Factors Contributing to Job Satisfaction for MRI Technologists” is acceptable, but “Treatment of Obstructive Bowel Syndrome” is not acceptable. Also for example, “Positions for Radiographic Demonstration of the Trauma Knee” is acceptable, but “Diagnosis of Cerebral Hemorrhage” is not acceptable. Topics cannot deal with subjects that are outside the scope of practice of the radiographer.
Complete the Research Question Approval Form. Be sure to include a detailed outline of your paper. Your submission MUST be a Word-compatible format (doc or rtf). Submit the completed form as directed below.
Submit this assignment to the Assignment I dropbox in WebCT by the due date.
Assignment 2 – Title Page (5%)
Title page – pages 23, 24, and 229 in the APA Manual describes the components of the title page. A sample title page can be viewed under Course Materials on the course homepage.
Assignment 3 – Reference List (20%)
Refer to Chapters 6 and 7 in the APA manual for an explanation on how to construct a reference list. Also, refer back to RADS 3503; you should have your graded reference list from that class.
NOTE ON REFERENCES: References should be from a variety of sources with the majority of references from peer review journals or other scholarly works. Peer review journals use an editorial review board that evaluates the article for accuracy. Publications or magazines like RT Image, Advance, Decisions in Imaging Economics, and Applied Radiology are not peer-reviewed. Journals such as Radiologic Technology, Radiologic Science & Education, and Radiology Management are peer-reviewed. You should be able to look at the inside cover of a journal or on a web site to see if the journal has a review board. Most likely if you can not find anything about a review board then the journal is not peer reviewed.
Assignment 4 – Body (30%)
The body of this paper is to include an introduction, methods, discussion, conclusion/summary, and suggestions for future research. This part of the paper must be 5-7 full length pages (Times New Roman, 12 pt font). An expanded explanation of each component follows.
Introduction(includes background, purpose, research question, hypothesis) - pp. 27, 26 and 63 (APA Manual). This is where you develop the reason for the problem.
Methods (how references were found and what resources were used). The APA Manual describes methodology for original research. Because no original research is allowed in this course, use the methods section to describe how information was obtained.
Example: Searches were conducted using the following key words: knee injuries, radiology, radiography, infection control, (etc. to include all the appropriate search terms). Academic First Search, ERIC, EbscoHost were the primary databases used and were accessed through the Midwestern State University Library.
Discussion - pp. 35-36. Compare the literature with the approved research question. This is where all the literature is pulled together so that the reader doesn’t have to read each separate source. The writer’s job for this section is to enlighten the reader by synthesizing the literature and reporting on it. For example one can formulate thoughts based on the literature, but a personal opinion is not appropriate in a research literature review. The writer is reporting on what was found; therefore, it must be supported with reference citations.
For example if this were written:
Firms must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees to effectively deal with this expected predicament. Proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program.
While this may be true, it must be backed by research so here is how it might have been rewritten:
During this literature review, a common theme was evident among many of the authors (Ackerman, 2000; Bated, 2003; Devlin, 2000; Myers, 2006; & Zuckerman, 2007) that organizations must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees. It appears that proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program. For example, Veale' (2008) said, "Passive attitudes towards employee retention are no longer effective. Healthcare organizations are bleeding to death by ignoring the loss of talent” (p. 45).
It seems then that the answer to the question of how to keep talent is to contemplate, renovate, innovate, and create new best practices to achieve institutional goals and thereby add to the existing body of knowledge on radiographer retention. Watts (2005) and Johnston (2007) support these notions by strongly encouraging healthcare organizations to work with employees instead of against them and to actively engage employees in the development of best practices for retention.
Conclusion/Summary– See the sample paper under Course Materials on the course home page. This is where you remind readers of the purpose, what was discovered, and if the findings were in line with the research question. Remember, this should be no longer than 1 page.
Suggestions for future research- Explain where the literature was lacking and possible future research studies.
Appendices(if needed) - Place any graphics, tables, etc. after the references.
Assignment 5 – Abstract (10%)
See page 25, 26 and 229 in the APA Manual. The abstract should be no more than 120 words. Explain what the focus of the paper is and a little bit about the literature. Sell your paper here. Write something that is going to make people want to read this. The abstract is essentially a snapshot of the entire paper; it is what hooks people and convinces them to continue reading.
Assignment 6 – Final Paper (30%)
This research paper is to be a substantial manuscript (5-7 full length pages). The length of the body of the paper is in addition to the title page, abstract, appendices, and reference list. The paper MUST reflect baccalaureate level effort. It should demonstrate the student's ability to gather and discriminate pertinent resources, synthesize information from a variety of sources, apply new information to a topic, and correctly use the APA Reference Style.
Students are required to submit all assignments in the appropriate assignment drop box in Blackboard (WebCT). Do not email or fax assignments unless told specifically to do so by your instructor.
The course grade will be based on the following 100 point scale. Students are required to submit all assignments in the appropriate assignment drop box in Blackboard (WebCT). Do not email or fax assignments unless told specifically to do so by your instructor. Do not wait until the last minute to submit. If you have difficulties submitting any assignments, contact your instructor immediately so that problems can be resolved by the deadline. Technical difficulties need to be addressed through the Blackboard (WebCT) help link. Assignments must be submitted on time; submissions that are not sent by the due date will not be graded and a grade of zero (0) will be recorded.
Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus. Email is the preferred mode of communication. Communication from the instructor to the student will be through the student’s Midwestern state University e-mail account and/or the course. If you have not established this account, do so as soon as possible by going to: http://infosys.mwsu.edu/email.asp The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session. Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc). You will also find information regarding deadlines and other important course related material in the Course Calendar located on the home page. Open the calendar and click on the date to open dialogue boxes.
In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.
The Office of Disability Support Services (DSS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff. The DSS has assistance devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals. A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Support Services in the Clark Student Center Room 168 or call 940-397-4140 for further information. Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.
Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved. If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.
The director of the Counseling Center services as the ADA Coordinator may be contacted at (940) 397-4618, TDD (940) 397-4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.
Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class and may result in suspension or dismissal from this course and from the program. Cases will also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university. RADS 4913 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student's participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the Student Handbook or the below link for answers to any questions about the code.
Student Honor Creed: "As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else to do so."
Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct recognition, the published or unpublished works of another person. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism.
By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a "limited right" in all intellectual property created by the student for the purposes of this course. The "limited right" shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student's work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. (What this paragraph is saying is that we are going to enter your paper into a software program that checks for plagiarism).
Research, by nature, is highly interactive and collaborative with researchers helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including Internet sites, handouts and module notebooks, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning and productive research. The faculty encourages you to participate in the plagiarism tutorial which can be found on the homepage of this course.
When students submit their paper for grading, they are attesting that they have abided by this rule.