General Chemistry I

Course Details

Course Number: CHEM 1143  Section Number: 280

Spring 2011

Location: Prothro-Yeager Hall

Classroom Number: 200

Days & Times:

TR       3:30 A.M. – 4:50 p.m., Prothro-Yeager 200280



Course Attachments

Textbooks

MSU Faculty Member
Dr. Randal L. Hallford   
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Course Objectives

Chapter 1:  Measurements in Chemistry                    

                                                   Lecture Outline

                                                                                          Source – B,L,B

                                                                                                            chapters

I. Basic Concepts

            A) Unit Dimensional Analysis                                                    Chap. 1: 1.4, 1.5, 1.6

            B) Uncertainty in Measurements-Statistical Analysis

                        1. Average values

                        2. Significant digits

                        3. Root-mean-square deviations

                        4. Linear least-squares fitting

 

II. Atoms, Molecules and Ions                                                             Chap. 2: all sections

            A) Atoms

1. Elementary structure

                                    a. atomic number

                                    b. atomic mass

                        2. Properties of electrons

                        3. Periodic properties

                                    a. structure of the table

                                    b. generalizations

           

B) Molecules and Ions

                        1. Cations

                        2. Anions

                        3. Nomenclature of compounds

                                    a. salts

                                    b. acids

                                    c. non-ionic and non-organic

EXAM 1    

 

III. Stoichiometry                                                                                 Chap. 3: all sections

            A) Chemical composition                                                                    Chap. 4: all sections

                        1. Atomic weights, formula weights, and molecular weights

                        2. Percent composition

                        3. Empirical formulae

B) Chemical Equations                                                             

                        1. Balancing equations

                        2. Some reaction types

                                    a. combustion reactions with O2

                                    b. ionization reactions with H2O

                                    c. ionic reactions: neutralization and precipitation

            C) Mass relationships from chemical equations

                        1. Mass-mass problems

                        2. Limiting reagent

            D) Solution Concentration Measures

                        1. Molarity

                        2. Dilution

                        3. Titration

IV. Properties of Gases                                                                                   Chap. 10: all sections

            A. Ideal Gas Laws

                        1. Boyle’s approximation

                        2. Charles’ approximation

                        3. Combined approximation

                        4. Avagodro’s hypothesis

                        5. The ideal gas equation of state

                        6. Dalton’s approximation of partial pressures               

            B) Kinetic theory of Gases

                        1. Derivation of the average kinetic energy of a gas

                        2. The Boltzmann distribution

                        3. Average speeds and average square speeds

                        4. Graham’s law of diffusion                                         

            C) Non-ideal Gases—The van der Waals Equation of State

EXAM 2    

V. Energetics of Chemical reactions-Thermochemistry                                  Chap. 5: all sections

            A) Units of energy

            B) Types of energy and work

            C) The first law of thermodynamics

            D) Standard molar heats of formation-enthalpy

            E) Heats of reaction

                        1. from standard molar heats of formation

2. from Hess’ law calculations

            F) Measurement of energy changes

                        1. heat capacities

                        2. example calculations

            G) Spontaneity in chemical processes-Gibbs Free Energy

VI. Electronic Structure of Atoms                                                       Chap. 6,7: all sections

            A) Deviations from classical theory

                        1. spectra

                        2. existence of the Rutherford Atom

                        3. diffraction of electrons

            B) Electromagnetic theory

            C) Bohr model of the hydrogen atom

                        1. mathematical derivation of the model

                        2. quantum states and line spectra

            D) Wave mechanics

                        1. De Broglie wavelength

                        2. matter waves and the uncertainty principle

            E) Atomic Orbitals

                        1. quantum number and atomic states

                        2. description of the atomic orbital

VII. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements                                           

            A) Energies of orbitals in many-electron atoms

                        1. effective charge

                        2. screening rules

                        3. approximate ordering of orbital energies

            B) Electron spin-Pauli Exclusion Principle

            C) Electron configurations

                        1. Hund’s Rule

                        2. structure of the periodic table

            D) Trends in the Periodic table

                        1. atomic size

                        2. ionization energy

                        3. electron affinity

EXAM 3  

VIII. Chemical Bonding                                                                                    Chap. 8:

            A) Ionic bonds

                        1. Lewis symbols for ions

                        2. sizes of ions

            B) Covalent bonds

                        1. Lewis structures

                        2. electron promotion

                        3. resonance forms

                        4. bond energies

                                    a. measurement of bond energy

                                    b. calculation of heats of reaction                     

                        5. electronegativities

IX. Molecular Orbitals and Molecular geometry                                              Chap. 9: all sections

            A) Valence shell electron pair repulsion models                         

            B) hybrid orbitals         

                        1. sp hybrids

                        2. sp2 hybrids

                        3. sp3 hybrids

                        4. dsp3 hybrids

            C) Molecular orbital theory

                        1. combination of atomic orbitals to form molecular orbitals

                        2. ordering of molecular orbitals

                        3. electron configurations for small molecules

                                    a. bond order

                                    b. number of unpaired electrons


Course Expectations

Office Hrs:      Posted. Office: 107 McCoy Engineering phone: 397-4187, randal.hallford@mwsu.edu

 

Web: http://faculty.mwsu.edu/chemistry/randal.hallford

 

Textbook:       Mandatory:  Chemistry: The Central Science. Brown, LeMay, Bursten, 11th ed.

 

Supplemental Material: Library reference materials, Student Solutions Guide.

 

Prerequisite: enrollment in Math 1233 (College Algebra) and High School Chemistry or 1103/1203 (introduction to Chemistry)

Exam 1            chapters 1,2          Matter, Atoms and Molecules

                        Exam 2            chapters 3,4,10     Stoichiometry, Reactions, Gases

                        Exam 3            chapters 5,6,7       Thermochem, Electronics, Periodic Prop.

                        Exam 4            chapters 8,9          Bonding,  Bonding Theories and Geometry

Final Exam      comprehensive ACS exam.


Grading Standards

Grading:         4 one-hour exams @ 100 pts each                             400 (50.00%)

                        1 ACS comprehensive final exam @ 200 pts             200 (25.00%)

                        10 in-class quiz sets    @ 20 pts each                         200 (25.00%)

                       

                                                            total possible                         800 points

 

Grading          Grades will be assigned as follows (unless otherwise noted):

Scale:             A: 90-100%; B: 80-89%; C: 70-79%; D: 55-69%; F: <55% (of total points)


Submission Format PolicyNote: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Under no circumstances will make-up exams or extra assignments be given. One missed exam may be made up based on the comprehensive final exam (substitute final exam score for the missed exam score) if unavoidable medical circumstances exist.

The evaluation of student material is the domain of the instructor. Standard grading policy is followed without exception. Exam errors will be handled by removing the required points from the exam total, but credited if answered correctly for multiple choice format questions. The class average will be determined by the performance of the class with adjustment to an average of 64%. We will adhere to MSU’s standard policy. Refer to the MSU website calendar for any important campus-wide dates, such as the final exam date.

Questions about the grading of any assignment should be brought to the instructor within one week after the assignment is returned. Scores are reported after each exam.


Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Attendance to lecture is required.  Students are responsible for all material presented in class and in assigned material. In-class exercises will not be provided outside of class.[1]



[1] Refer to the MSU handbook for University policies about academic honesty and class attendance


Other Policies

Calculators with large memory capacity, mathematical solution software, and chemistry software are NOT allowed on exams. The use of such a calculator on an exam constitutes cheating. (single-line scientific calculators are acceptable). I may check the memory of any calculator during an exam.

Cell phones, computers, PDA’s and other electronic devices are NOT allowed during class. Cell phones must be OFF during any scheduled class period.


Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at http://academics.mwsu.edu/wpr, or call 397-4131.