Advanced Radiographic Procedures

Course Details

Course Number: RADS 2233  Spring 2012

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: 108

Days & Times:

Tues and Thursday 08:00 am-9:30 am Bridwell Hall 108

Course Attachments


MSU Faculty Member
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)   
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Course Objectives


Course Overview:
An advanced course including the proper manipulation of equipment; positioning and alignment of the anatomical structure and equipment; and evaluation of images for proper demonstration of advanced anatomy and related pathology. 

Course Objectives:    Upon completion of this course, a student will be able to: 



SCANS Competencies

  • master the manipulation of the equipment

1, 3, 4, 5, & 7

  • master the positioning and alignment of anatomical structures & equipment

1, 3, 4, 5, & 7

  • evaluate images for proper demonstration of anatomy & pathology

1, 3, 4, 5, & 7

Methodology / Teaching Strategies:

Independent reading assignments, written assignments, Internet searches, quizzes, classroom discussion, and presentations are used in this course.


Course Expectations




Frank, E.D., Long, B.W., & Smith, B.J. (2012). Merrill’s Atlas of Radiographic Positing and Procedures. (12th ed.). St. Louis: Elsevier. [ISBN 978-0-323-07334-9] 

Adler, A.M.. & Carlton, R.R. (2007). Introduction to Radiologic Sciences and Patient Care. (4th ed). Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. [ ISBN 978-1-4160-3194-9] 

Ehrlich, R.A., & Daly, J.A. (2009). Patient Care in Radiography. (7th ed). St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier. [ ISBN 978-0-323-05178-1] 

Carlton, R.R., & Adler, A.A. (2006). Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science. (4th ed). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Cengage Learning. [ISBN 978-1-4018-7194-9] 

Administrative Process:


Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 

Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4571)

College Dean – Dr. Patti Hamilton (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273) 

Conduct / Honesty / Honor System:

RADS 2233 adheres to the MSU code of Conduct.  In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity.  A student's participation in this course comes with the expectation that his/her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU code of Student Conduct.  A student should consult the Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including Internet sites, handouts, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers.  This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive to life-long learning. 

Specific components of RADS 2233 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are NOT to be shared.  These components include the written assignments submitted for a grade.  When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.  Quizzes and exams are not to be copied in any form or shared in any form.  

Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct recognition, the published or unpublished works of another person. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism.

By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course.  The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to detect plagiarism.

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. If a student is found to have committed academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc.  Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.

Grading Standards


Grading / Evaluation:


Participation                                                      10%

Quizzes                                                              35%

Assignment                                                       20%

Comprehensive Closed Book Final Exam           35%     


A = 89.5 - 100

B = 79.5 – 89.4

C = 74.5 – 79.4

D = 60.5 – 74.4

F = Below 60.4


Submission Format Policy




Participation- 10%

Students must participate in class activities, projects, and discussions.  Evidence of class participation includes:  coming to class, being on time to class, participating in class discussions and submitting the assignments in a timely manner. Each absence (see attendance) will be a 10 point deduction in the Participation area.


Quizzes - 35%


Module 1:  Fluoroscopy and Contrast

Module 2:  Alimentary Tract (Upper GI, Lower GI, Accessory Organs)

Module 3:  Urinary tract

Module 4:  Special Radiographic Studies and Surgical Radiography

Module 5:  Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology

Module 6:  Mobile Radiography, Trauma, Pediatrics, and Geriatrics (no separate quiz but content will be included on the Final Exam)

You will be required to use Scantron answer sheets for all quizzes & exams.  

Assignment – 20%


The purpose of this activity is to reinforce the role of advanced medical imaging procedures.  Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the procedures they are given, but perhaps more importantly, this presentation provides an opportunity for students to see how the procedures done every day in medical imaging departments is a vital component for successful diagnosis and treatment of patients. The intended audience for the student-created presentation is the patient.


Students will prepare a paper/oral presentation, PowerPoint presentation or poster presentation on a given procedure.


Students will be divided into groups of 5 students. The instructor will present the group a piece of equipment used in advanced procedures in radiology. The students will then research sources to find out what type of equipment the group has been given. The students will then explore which procedure the equipment is used for and will then answer the following questions in terms a patient would understand.


Each student in the group will work on a different set of questions. A short (10-15 minute presentation) will be given by the group to the class with each of the students presenting their set of questions relating to the equipment and procedure. 

Student 1-

  • What is the equipment that the group has been given?
  • What procedure is the equipment used for? (definition of procedure)
  • What does the equipment do in the procedure?
  • What modality is the procedures done in most commonly (CT, MRI, US, or fluoro) and why?


Student 2-

  • What are common uses of the procedure?
  • How does the procedure benefit the patient?
  • How is the procedure performed?


Student 3-

  • What are the risks of the procedure?
  • What are the indications of the procedure?
  • What are contraindications of the procedure?


Student 4-

  • How should the patient prepare for the procedure?
  • What will the patient experience during the procedure?
  • What will the patient experience after the procedure?


Student 5-

  • What can the patient do after the procedure?
  • What should the patient not do after the procedure?
  • What should the patient be aware of to alert them of a complication after the procedure?



The group must have at least one image of the device on a radiograph, CT, or fluoroscopy. The presentation can be in PowerPoint. References must accompany the presentation and be in APA 6th ed format. Do not copy and paste from a website. Paraphrase the information so that a patient would understand.


The group will be graded on the following areas:

  • Organization of information
  • Correct capitalization, punctuation, spelling and grammar
  • Appropriate images
  • Identified appropriate resources (references)

The individual student will be graded on the following areas

  • Each question was addressed and explained
  • Pronunciation of terms
  • Interaction with group and other students
  • Public speaking skills


Comprehensive Closed Book Final Exam - 35%


            The final examination is a "closed book", comprehensive examination of a 100 question multiple-choice format.  All final examinations will be administered during the designated date(s) and time(s) listed in the calendar and/or syllabus. There will be NO alteration of any type to this schedule.


Tentative Spring 2012 COURSE SCHEDULE






Course Intro & Fluoroscopy

Jan 19


Jan 24

Fluoroscopy & Radiation Safety

Jan 26


Jan 31


Feb 2

TEST on Fluoro & Contrast

Feb 7 

Upper GI

Feb 9

Upper GI

Feb 14

Lower GI

Feb 16

Lower GI

Feb 21

Accessory GI organs

Feb 23

TEST on UGI, LGI & Accessory Organs

Feb 28

Urinary System

March 1

Urinary System

March 6

Urinary System

March 8

TEST on Urinary System

March 10-17


March 20


March 22

Special Radiographic Procedures

March 27

Special Radiographic Procedures

March 29

Surgical Radiography

April 3

TEST on Spec Radio Proc & Surgical

April 5-8


April 10

CV & Interventional Radiology

April 12

CV & Interventional Radiology

April 17

CV & Interventional Radiology

April 19

CV & Interventional Radiology

April 19

Assignment due

April 24

TEST on CV& Interventional

April 26

Mobile & Trauma (will be included in the Final Exam)

May 1

Pediatric &Geriatric (will be included in the Final Exam)

May 3

Semester Review

May 7-11

Finals Week (Final Exam TBA)




Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Missed quizzes may only be made up if prior arrangements are made.

Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements



Attendance is mandatory.  Excessive absences will result in a referral to the Dean of the College of Health Sciences, and may result in your being dropped from the Program.  Excessive absences are defined as:  More than 3 absences from lecture (except medical reasons).  Missed quizzes may only be made up if prior arrangements are made. If a student is more than 20 mins late to class it will count as a tardy. 3 tardies will count as an absence.

Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.