Sectional Anatomy

Course Details

Course Number: RADS 4733  Section Number: X20

Spring 2012

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: TBA

Days & Times:

Internet course

Course Attachments


MSU Faculty Member
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)   
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Course Objectives


Course Overview:

This course is a study of human anatomy viewed in sectional planes. Students will compare planar anatomy to sectional anatomy and recognize anatomical structures in computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Studies will include the cranium, brain, spine, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and extremities.


Course Objectives: Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged three-dimensionally. This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.

 Upon completion of this course, a student will:

  • Recognize anatomic structures in various planes.
  • Relate planar anatomy to line drawings of related cross-sectional anatomy.
  • Describe the spatial relationship of one structure to another.
  • Differentiate between the appearances of anatomic structures among different modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
  • Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality for identifying specific pathological processes.


Teaching Strategies:

Independent reading assignments, study guide, Blackboard unit quizzes, annotated bibliography, and Blackboard final examination.

Course Expectations



Kelley, L.L. & Petersen, C.M. (2007). Sectional anatomy for imaging professionals. (2nd Ed. ). St. Louis: Mosby. [ISBN: 0815186657]

American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ISBN 13: 978-1-4338-0561-5 or ISBN 10: 1-4338-0561-8]


Grading Standards



Blackboard Open Book Unit Quizzes                                                      25%

Annotated Bibliography                                                                         25%

Proctored Blackboard Comprehensive CLOSED book Final Exam           50%


Grade Scale:

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy




Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. Each unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. The first two units (cranium & brain) are typically considered the most challenging.




The course content is divided into Units by chapters.  Additional resource material is available through the Internet.  Each Unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for quiz deadlines.



Unit 1:  Cranium


Unit 2:  Brain


Unit 3:  Spine and Neck


Unit 4:  Thorax


Unit 5:  Abdomen


Unit 6:  Pelvis


Unit 7: Extremities


Independent Reading Assignments


Students should complete the reading assignments, answer the chapter objectives, review the Internet resources, and review any Internet resources before attempting the open book Unit quizzes.  See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about Unit quiz due dates.


 The illustrations in the text are orientated in the same direction as CT and MR scans. The course includes images that are coronal (front to back), sagittal (side to side), as well as axial or transverse (top to bottom). These should be easy to differentiate.


• Axial or transverse planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves. Students should keep in mind that sectional images are viewed as if the patient is lying on a table and the observer is standing at the patient's feet and looking “up” at the exposed slice of the body. (The patient’s left side will be on the viewer’s right field of view) This is the most common image presentation.


• Coronal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves,



• Sagittal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into left and right halves,


While the text is more or less self-explanatory, the individual units in the course begin with diagrams relating to planar anatomy. These diagrams are included to assist the student in becoming familiar with the relationship between the anatomical structures when viewed in cross-sectional orientation.






Blackboard Open Book Unit Quizzes - 35%


When a student has reviewed a Unit and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to Blackboard and receive a customized timed Unit quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. See the course schedule for the due dates of the Unit quizzes. The student can take any quiz at any time throughout the course and in any sequence they prefer but all quizzes must be completed by the DUE DATE in the Course Schedule. If a quiz is not completed by this DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty.


If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in Blackboard, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email right away to the course instructor explaining what happened.


If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:


  1. Unit Quiz Number (1 - 6)
  2. Question Stem
  3. Answer Scored as Correct by the Computer
  4. Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
  5. Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct
  6. Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale


After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated.  It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.


Annotated Bibliography-25%

An annotated bibliography is a list of resources along with a summary and evaluation of the usefulness of each resource. The goals of this assignment are:

• For the student to perform scholarly research about the role of sectional imaging in Radiologic Sciences,

• For the student to develop baccalaureate writing skills about a professionally-related subject,

• For students to practice using peer-reviewed or scholarly journals rather than newsmagazines or popular press  

    news items as research sources, and

• For students to develop skills generating a Reference List in appropriate APA format.


Each student will create a five (5) page annotated bibliography based on at least three (3) PEER-REVIEWED or SCHOLARLY journal articles that refer specifically to the role of sectional anatomy in diagnosis of a particular pathology. For example, the student may summarize three journal articles that describe the effectiveness of MRI scanning for staging of Alzheimer’s Disease.

Examples of acceptable peer-reviewed journals are listed on


Examples of sources that are NOT acceptable include newsmagazines such as: RT Imaging, RT Advance, Radiology Today Magazine, RT Image Weekly Radiology Magazine.


For more information about writing annotated bibliographies:


Submission format:

  •  Be submitted as Microsoft WORD documents to the appropriate SUBMIT area in Blackboard on or before the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus.  Students should NOT email their reports to the instructor.
    • To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions will NOT be accepted. Any report not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”.
    • Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.
    • The instructor will not accept Microsoft WORKS or WordPerfect files. 


  • Be double-spaced
  • Be submitted in a 12 pt legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier, Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable)
  • Have page margins must be set at 1”
  • Have before and after line spacing for paragraphs set at zero



Page One: MSU Radiologic Sciences Standard Cover Page (see Blackboard for link)

Page Two: Summary #1. The student will write the title of the article at the top of the page, followed by the summary of the article (approx 200 words or less).

The summary will describe the:

  1. Main points of the article,
  2. Describe the role of sectional imaging,
  3. Describe whether that procedure is done in the student’s clinical facility,
  4. Describe the student’s impression of the usefulness of the article for other technologists.

Page Three: Summary #2. same process as #1

Page Four: Summary #3. same process as #1

Page Five: Reference List – in APA format


Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.



Comprehensive Final Exam - 50%


The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Blackboard.  Each student must have a proctor and test site approved by the course instructor before taking the exam.  Students are not allowed to print the final examThe exam is two (2) hours in length. The Final Exam is CLOSED BOOK. Not textbooks or notes may be brought to the testing center. Late submissions will NOT be accepted.


Proctor Guidelines and the Proctor Application form are available from Blackboard.  The MSU Radiologic Sciences department now uses a standardized protocol and proctor application.  Students must provide the proctor with the Proctor Guidelines.  Students should submit the completed proctor application to the instructor (fax, US mail, or email from proctor) by the scheduled due date at the end of this syllabus.  All inquiries about the proctor application should be directed to the appropriate instructor.                                   















* Note: These are Central Times

January 14

Classes begin

January 14

All Quizzes are Open

Goal date Jan 28

Quiz 1

Goal date Feb 11

Quiz 2

Goal date Feb 25

Quiz 3

Goal date Mar 10

Quiz 4

March 19


Annotated Bibliography due by midnight,

Submit the report to the assignment dropbox as a single Word document. 

The file should be named:   “lastname_topic”…….e.g.., smith_COPD

Goal date Mar 31

Quiz 5

Goal date Mar 14

Quiz 6

April 24

Proctor Application due by 5:00 CST

Goal date Apr 28

Quiz 7

May 1

All quizzes must be submitted by midnight CST

May 1- May 10

The Closed Book Final Exam will only be available May 1 through May 10. 

The exam must be complete and submitted for grading by 5:00 pm on May 10.

(50 questions, 2 hours)


Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

The student can take any quiz at any time throughout the course and in any sequence they prefer but all quizzes must be completed by the DUE DATE in the Course Schedule. If a quiz is not completed by this DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty.

Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements



This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions.  However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto Blackboard.  Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner.

Other Policies


Administrative Process:

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 


Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4615)

College Dean – Dr. Patti Hamilton (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273)


Honor System:

RADS 4733 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct.  In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity.  A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct.  A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.


Many components of RADS 4733 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn.  Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online Blackboard course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning.


All components of RADS 4733 are designed to represent the efforts of each student INDIVIDUALLY and are NOT to be shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources.  When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism. 

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification.  If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc.  Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.


By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course.  The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity, and to detect for plagiarism.



Communication with Instructor:

Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus.  Email is the preferred mode of communication.  Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course.

Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students.


The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session.  Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc)


When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account. 

Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.