This course is a study of human anatomy viewed in sectional planes. Students will compare planar anatomy to sectional anatomy and recognize anatomical structures in computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. Studies will include the cranium, brain, spine, neck, chest, abdomen, pelvis, and extremities.
Course Objectives: Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged three-dimensionally. This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.
Upon completion of this course, a student will:
Independent reading assignments, study guide, Desire2Learn (D2L) unit quizzes, annotated bibliography, and Desire2Learn (D2L) final examination.
Kelley, L.L. & Petersen, C.M. (2007). Sectional anatomy for imaging professionals. (2nd Ed. ). St. Louis: Mosby. [ISBN: 978-0-323-02003-9]
American Psychological Association. (2009). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. [ISBN 13: 978-1-4338-0561-5 or ISBN 10: 1-4338-0561-8]
CLASS ACTIVITIES AND ASSIGNMENTS
ALL STUDENTS ENROLLED IN RADS 4733 COURSE MUST COMPLETE ALL COURSE REQUIREMENTS.
Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. Each unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. The first two units (cranium & brain) are typically considered the most challenging.
The course content is divided into Units by chapters. Additional resource material is available through the Internet. Each Unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for quiz deadlines.
Unit 1: Cranium
Unit 2: Brain
Unit 3: Spine and Neck
Unit 4: Thorax
Unit 5: Abdomen
Unit 6: Pelvis
Unit 7: Extremities
Independent Reading Assignments
Students should complete the reading assignments, answer the chapter objectives, review the Internet resources, and review any Internet resources before attempting the open book Unit quizzes. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about Unit quiz due dates.
The illustrations in the text are orientated in the same direction as CT and MR scans. The course includes images that are coronal (front to back), sagittal (side to side), as well as axial or transverse (top to bottom). These should be easy to differentiate.
• Axial or transverse planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves. Students should keep in mind that sectional images are viewed as if the patient is lying on a table and the observer is standing at the patient's feet and looking “up” at the exposed slice of the body. (The patient’s left side will be on the viewer’s right field of view) This is the most common image presentation.
• Coronal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves,
• Sagittal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into left and right halves,
While the text is more or less self-explanatory, the individual units in the course begin with diagrams relating to planar anatomy. These diagrams are included to assist the student in becoming familiar with the relationship between the anatomical structures when viewed in cross-sectional orientation.
Desire2Learn (D2L) Open Book Unit Quizzes - 35%
When a student has reviewed a Unit and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to Desire2Learn (D2L) and receive a customized timed Unit quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. See the course schedule for the due dates of the Unit quizzes. The student can take any quiz at any time throughout the course and in any sequence they prefer but all quizzes must be completed by the DUE DATE in the Course Schedule. If a quiz is not completed by this DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty.
If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in Desire2Learn (D2L), contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email right away to the course instructor explaining what happened.
If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:
After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated. It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.
Sectional Anatomy Report-25%
The purpose of this report is to enforce the normal appearance of anatomy on different sectional imaging modalities (CT, MRI and US). Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the anatomy they chose, but perhaps more importantly, this report provides an opportunity for students to “step back” and see which imaging modality is the most appropriate for the anatomy and condition being examined to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the patients.
The Sectional Anatomy reports for this class must have in-text citations because the reports must be based on published scholarly information in reliable sources and cannot be created from a person’s own experiences. Unless information is common knowledge, the source should be cited.
Students must synthesize and paraphrase the information they find and cite the sources of the information appropriately. The grading rubric for the paper deducts points for inappropriate or inadequate sources, incorrect in-text citations, too many direct quotes, incorrect number of pages per section, incorrect format for the references page, etc.
Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within D2L for more information on academic dishonesty.
Students should refer to the sample paper on the course website for ideas about how the report should be done.
Students will pick one (1) organ, joint, or section of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) to research. Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion board by the due date indicated on the course schedule or a grade of zero will be assigned.
Students must cite at least 2 – 5 sources of information about this anatomy. Students may cite textbooks, scholarly journal articles (Radiographics is a great source), or other scholarly sources for information about the anatomy. These articles can be retrieved electronically from databases such as CINAHL which is available through online connection to Moffett Library. Students should contact the instructor if they are not sure how to gain access to the Moffett Library databases.
Students should use only credible medical websites such as eMedicine.com. No more than two (2) website sources (other than journal databases) can be used. NO CUT AND PASTE information from websites is allowed – see the previous explanation about paraphrasing, synthesizing, and direct quoting. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this report because it is “open source.” This means that anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the website that is not current or accurate.
To encourage more professional communication between technologists and radiologists, students must consult with a radiologist when preparing these reports. Using appropriate APA formatting, the information obtained from the radiologist must be cited as a personal communication in the text of the report. Incidentally, APA formatting does NOT include sources of personal communication on the reference list. Refer to the 6th edition APA Manual for details.
Students must identify the reliable sources they used to create the report using appropriate APA format for in-text citations and for the reference page. The grading rubric for the report deducts points for non-compliance with APA formatting. For help with APA formatting for in-text citations and the reference page, students should review the 6th edition of the APA Manual and the resources linked to the course D2L page, including the sample report.
For this report, the intended reader is a staff radiographer. Students should write these reports based on what the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, in this anatomy report students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered or how they are produced to support that a CT chest with contrast is the most valuable study to see the thoracic aorta.
Organization, flow, and grammar count as part of the report grade. The anatomy report should be clearly labeled with the sections identified in the list below (Submission Format). The information needs to flow smoothly from one section to the next. Students must use baccalaureate-level writing skills including complete sentences and correct grammar.
The anatomy reports must:
Page #1 – Standard MSU Radiologic Sciences Cover Page
Starting on page #2: Body of the Report
Description of Anatomy (minimum of 1/2 page, maximum of 1 pages in length)
Diagnostic Methods (minimum of 1 page, maximum of 2 pages in length)
Appropriateness of imaging (minimum ½ page, maximum 1 page in length)
Appendix (maximum 1 page in length)
Starting on a new page, (probably about page #6)
Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such
Comprehensive Final Exam - 50%
The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L). Each student must have a proctor and test site approved by the course instructor before taking the exam. Students are not allowed to print the final exam. The exam is two (2) hours in length. The Final Exam is CLOSED BOOK. Not textbooks or notes may be brought to the testing center. Late submissions will NOT be accepted.
Proctor Guidelines and the Proctor Application form are available from Desire2Learn (D2L). The MSU Radiologic Sciences department now uses a standardized protocol and proctor application. Students must provide the proctor with the Proctor Guidelines. Students should submit the completed proctor application to the instructor (fax, US mail, or email from proctor) by the scheduled due date at the end of this syllabus. All inquiries about the proctor application should be directed to the appropriate instructor.
Fall 2012 COURSE SCHEDULE
* Note: These are Central Times
All Quizzes are Open
Goal date Sept 7
Goal date Sept 21
Goal date Oct 5
Goal date Oct 19
Goal date Nov 2
Sectional Anatomy Paper due by midnight,
Submit the report to the assignment dropbox as a single Word document.
The file should be named: “lastname_topic”…….e.g.., smith_COPD
Goal date Nov 30
Proctor Application due by 5:00 CST
All quizzes must be submitted by midnight CST
December 3- December 13
The Closed Book Final Exam will only be available December 3 through December 13 .
The exam must be complete and submitted for grading by 5:00 pm on December 13.
(50 questions, 2 hours)
Desire2Learn (D2L) Open Book Unit Quizzes 25%
Sectional Anatomy paper 25%
Proctored Desire2Learn (D2L) Comprehensive CLOSED book Final Exam 50%
A = 100 - 90
B = 89 - 80
C = 79 - 70
D = 69 – 60
F = 59 and below
The student can take any quiz at any time throughout the course and in any sequence they prefer but all quizzes must be completed by the DUE DATE in the Course Schedule. If a quiz is not completed by this DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty.
The Sectional Anatomy Paper must be completed by the due date in the course syllabus. No late Sectional Anatomy Papers will be accepted and a grade of "0" will be recorded.
This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto D2L Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner.
Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence:
Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4615)
College Dean – Dr. James Johnston 940-397-4594)
Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273)
RADS 4733 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.
Many components of RADS 4733 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online Desire2Learn (D2L) course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning.
All components of RADS 4733 are designed to represent the efforts of each student INDIVIDUALLY and are NOT to be shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.
Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism.
Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.
By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity, and to detect for plagiarism.
Communication with Instructor:
Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus. Email is the preferred mode of communication. Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course.
Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students.
The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session. Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc)
When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “students.mwsu.edu” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account.