Oral Histology and Embryology

Course Details

Course Number: DNHY 3022  Fall 2011

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: 112

Days & Times:

TUESDAY/THURSDAY 11:00 - 11:50 AM



Course Attachments

Textbooks

Premar’s Oral Embryology and Microscopic Anatomy  ISBN: 0-683-30644-8

Mosby’s Dental Dictionary  ISBN: 9780323049634

MSU Faculty Member
Dr. Fredric C. Davis   
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Course Objectives


AFTER COMPLETION OF THIS COURSE AND ITS RELATED LEARNING THE STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO:

CHAP 1     INTRODUCTION TO HISTOLOGY

1.  DEFINE HISTOLOGY, CYTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY.
2.  DESCRIBE TECHNIQUES EMPLOYED TO STUDY HUMAN AND ANIMAL TISSUE MICROSCOPICALLY.
3.  IDENTIFY AND DEFINE THE BASIC COMPONENTS OF HUMAN TISSUES.
4.  IDENTIFY AND DESCRIBE EPITHELIUM, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, NERVE, AND MUSCLE TISSUE.
5.  DISCUSS THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF EPITHELIAL TISSUE.
6.  DISCUSS THE DISTRIBUTION OF THE VARIOUS TYPES OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE.
7.  REVIEW THE MAJOR COMPONENTS OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS    SYSTEM AND THE CENTRAL       NERVOUS SYSTEM.
8.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN SMOOTH MUSCLE, STRIATED MUSCLE AND CARDIAC MUSCLE.
9.  IDENTIFY THE MAJOR TISSUES COMPRISING THE TEETH.
10. IDENTIFY THE SURFACE COVERINGS OF THE FACE, LIPS AND ORAL MUCOUS MEMBRANES.
 

CHAP 2     EMBRYONIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE FACE AND ORAL CAVITY

1.  DISCUSS THE PHENOMENA OF GERM CELL DEVELOPMENT,  FERTILIZATION AND MITOTIC MULTIPLICATION OF CELLS.
2.  IDENTIFY AND DEFINE THE PRIMARY GERM LAYERS.
3.  SUMMARIZE THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HUMAN EMBRYO/FETUS.
4.  DESCRIBE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE MOUTH FROM  PRIMITIVE ECTODERM.
5.  EXPLAIN THE SEQUENCE OF EVENTS IN THE MERGING OF THE   FRONTAL PROCESS WITH THE BRANCHIAL ARCHES IN THE    DEVELOPMENT OF THE FACE.
6.  EXPLAIN THE FUSION OF THE INTERNAL MAXILLARY PROCESSES  AND THE GLOBULAR PROCESS IN        THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PALATE.
7.  DISCUSS THE SEPARATION OF THE ORAL CAVITY AND THE NASAL    CAVITIES.
8.  DISCUSS THE VARIOUS LOCATIONS WHICH ARE LIKELY TO
    ENTRAP EPITHELIAL CELLS (CELL RESTS) WITH POTENTIAL  FOR CYST AND TUMOR FORMATION.
9.  DISCUSS THE FUSION OF EMBRYOLOGIC PROCESSES RELATIVE
    TO THEIR POTENTIAL FOR CLEFTING

 

CHAP 4     TOOTH ENAMEL

1.  DISCUSS THE COMPOSITION OF THE ENAMEL AND COMPARE THE PERCENTAGES OF ORGANIC AND INORGANIC CONSTITUENTS.
2.  DESCRIBE THE CLINICAL AND MICROSCOPIC CHARACTERISTICS OF ENAMEL.
3.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN ENAMEL TUFTS AND ENAMEL SPINDLES.
4.  DISCUSS THE CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ENAMEL CARIES IN    RELATION TO ITS HISTOLOGIC CHARACTERISTICS.
5.  EXPLAIN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN:
        1.  STRIPES OF RETZIUS AND NEONATAL LINE
        2.  GNARLED ENAMEL AND ROD-PATHS
        3.  HUNTER-SCHREGER BANDS AND ROD BUNDLES
6.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN:
        1.  PRIMARY ENAMEL CUTICLE
        2.  SECONDARY ENAMEL CUTICLE
7.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THE ANATOMIC CROWN AND CLINICAL CROWN.


   
CHAP 5     DENTIN

1.  DESCRIBE THE GROSS FEATURES AND COMPOSITION OF DENTIN.
2.  LIST AND DESCRIBE THE CLINICAL AND MICROSCOPIC  CHARACTERISTICS OF DENTIN.
3.  DESCRIBE THE FORMATION OF DENTIN AND EXPLAIN WHY IT IS A LIVING TISSUE.
4.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN DENTIN AND PREDENTIN.
5.  DESCRIBE THE PATTERN OF CALCIFICATION IN DENTIN.
6.  DESCRIBE THE DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERN OF CARIES IN DENTIN.
7.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THE DEVELOPMENTAL PATTERN OF CARIES IN ENAMEL AND DENTIN.
8.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN PRIMARY, SECONDARY AND REPARATIVE DENTIN.
9.  DESCRIBE TOMES GRANULAR LAYER AND DISCUSS ITS’ CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE.
10. DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN SCLEROTIC DENTIN AND DEAD TRACTS.

 

CHAP 6     TOOTH PULP

1.  DESCRIBE THE ORIGIN, LOCATION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE TOOTH PULP.
2.  LIST AND DESCRIBE THE MICROSCOPIC COMPONENTS OF THE PULP.
3.  DISCUSS THE CHANGES THAT TAKE PLACE IN THE PULP AS IT AGES.
4.  DESCRIBE THE RESPONSES OF THE PULP TO CARIES, ATTRITION AND DENTAL PROCEDURES.
5.  IDENTIFY PULP STONES, DENTICLES, AND DIFFUSE CALCIFICATIONS AND DISCUSS THEIR CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS.
6.  DISCUSS THE NERVE AND BLOOD SUPPLY OF THE DENTAL PULP.
7.  EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ODONTOBLASTIC LAYER OF CELLS RELATIVE TO THE DEFENSIVE MECHANISMS OF THE PULP.
8.  IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE AND FUNCTION OF WHITE BLOOD CELLS THAT ARE FOUND IN THE DENTAL PULP.
9.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN THE DENTAL PULP AND FIBROUS TISSUES FOUND ELSEWHERE IN THE BODY.
  

CHAP 7    CEMENTUM

1.  DESCRIBE THE GENERAL FEATURES AND COMPOSITION OF CEMENTUM.
2.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN CELLULAR AND ACELLULAR CEMENTUM.
3.  EXPLAIN HOW CEMENTUM  COMPENSATES FOR OCCLUSAL WEAR.
4.  EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF CEMENTUM IN REPAIRING ROOT DEFECTS.
5.  DISCUSS THE POSSIBLE RELATIONSHIPS OF CEMENTUM TO ENAMEL (CEJ).
6.  DESCRIBE THE CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS OF CEMENTUM RELATIVE TO ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT.
7.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN CEMENTUM AND CEMENTOID.
8.  DEFINE THE TERMS:  HYPERCEMENTOSIS AND ANKYLOSIS
9.  DESCRIBE THE ROLE OF CEMENTUM IN THE PERIODONTAL ATTACHMENT APPARATUS.
10. DESCRIBE CEMENTICLES AND DISCUSS THEIR CLINICAL IMPORTANCE.
11. EXPLAIN HOW THE FORMATION OF CEMENTUM IS DIFFERENT FROM THAT OF DENTIN.

   
CHAP 8     PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT

1.  DESCRIBE THE MICROSCOPIC FEATURES OF THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT (PDL).
2.  IDENTIFY THE PRINCIPLE FIBER GROUPS OF THE PDL.
3.  COMPARE THE PRINCIPLE FIBER GROUPS BASED ON THEIR  INDIVIDUAL FUNCTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES.
4.  EXPLAIN THE OVERALL FUNCTIONS OF THE PDL.
5.  DISCUSS THE CLINICAL IMPORTANCE OF THE PDL IN RELATION TO OVERALL DENTAL HEALTH.
6.  DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE OF EPITHELIAL RESTS OF MALASSEZ.
7.  DEFINE “SHARPEY’S FIBERS” AND DISCUSS THEIR APPLICATION TO THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.
8.  DESCRIBE THE FUNCTION OF PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT FIBERS IN
    ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT.
9.  EXPLAIN HOW PRESSURE AND INFLAMMATION AFFECT THE ATTACHMENT APPARATUS.
10. DISCUSS THE POTENTIAL FOR REGENERATION OF VARIOUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE COMPONENTS OF THE ATTACHMENT APPARATUS.


CHAP 3     TOOTH DEVELOPMENT

1.  IDENTIFY IN MICROSCOPIC SECTIONS, THE DENTAL LAMINA AND THE BUD, CAP AND BELL STAGES OF ENAMEL ORGAN DEVELOPMENT.
2.  DESCRIBE THE SEQUENTIAL EPITHELIAL MATURATION THAT GIVES RISE TO THE ENAMEL ORGAN.
3.  DEFINE "HISTODIFFERENTIATION" AND "MORPHODIFFERENTIATION" AS THESE TERMS APPLY TO ENAMEL ORGAN DEVELOPMENT.
4.  DISCUSS THE TOOTH COMPONENTS WHICH ARE DERIVED FROM THE DENTAL PAPILLA.   
5.  DESCRIBE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE DENTINAL TUBULES IN  HEALTHY AS WELL AS CARIOUS DENTIN.
6.  LIST AND DESCRIBE THE DENTAL STRUCTURES WHICH DEVELOP FROM THE DENTAL FOLLICLE OR SAC.
7.  DESCRIBE THE STEPS FOLLOWED IN THE FORMATION OF THE TOOTH ROOT AFTER THE COMPLETION OF THE CROWN.
8.  DEFINE THE TERMS:  "HERTWIG'S EPITHELIAL ROOT SHEATH" AND "RESTS OF MALLASEZ" AND DISCUSS THEIR CLINICAL IMPLICATION IN TERMS OF POTENTIAL CYST OR TUMOR FORMATION.
9.  DISTINGUISH BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SUCCEDANEOUS TEETH.
10. DEFINE THE FOLLOWING DEVELOPMENTAL ANOMALIES AND DISCUSS
    THE CLINICAL IMPLICATION OF EACH:
         HYPODONTIA
         ANODONTIA
         SUPERNUMERARY
         HYPOPLASIA
         HYPOMINERALIZED
         MOTTLED ENAMEL & DENTAL FLUOROSIS
         ENAMEL PEARL    
  

CHAP 9    BONE AND THE ALVEOLAR PROCESS

1.  DEFINE BONE AS A TISSUE AND A BONE AS AN ORGAN.
2.  DESCRIBE THE GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF BONE.
3.  DESCRIBE THE COMPOSITION OF BONE AND ITS MICROSCOPIC FEATURES.
4.  BE ABLE TO DRAW AND LABEL AN OSTEON AND RELATE ITS ORGANIZATION TO THE NUTRIENT SUPPLY OF COMPACT BONE.
        INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING:
           1.  HAVERSIAN CANAL
           2.  OSTEOCYTES WITH CANALICULI
5.  DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN HAVERSIAN CANAL AND A VOLKMAN’S CANAL.
6.  DESCRIBE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ENDOCHONDAL AND INTRAMEMBRANEOUS BONE FORMATION.
7.  DESCRIBE THE REACTION OF BONE TO PRESSURE AND INFLAMMATION.
8.  DESCRIBE THE REACTION OF BONE TO TENSION ON PDL FIBERS.
9.  DISCUSS THE LOCATION AND FUNCTION OF “ALVEOLAR BONE”.
10. DISCUSS THE ROLE OF ALVEOLAR BONE AS A COMPONENT OF THE PERIODONTAL ATTACHMENT APPARATUS.
11. DISTINGUISH CELLULAR CEMENTUM FROM BONE.

 

CHAP 10     THE ORAL MUCOUS MEMBRANE

1.  DEFINE THE TERM: MUCOUS MEMBRANE.
2.  DESCRIBE THE MICROSCOPIC APPEARANCE OF STRATIFIED
    SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM AND FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE.
3.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN HYPERKERATOSIS, PARAKERATOSIS, AND ACANTHOSIS.
4.  LIST THE FUNCTIONS OF NORMAL MUCOUS MEMBRANE SURFACES IN THE ORAL CAVITY.
5.  IDENTIFY THE AREAS OF THE ORAL CAVITY COVERED BY DIFFERENT TYPES OF STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM.
6.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN MASTICATORY AND LINING MUCOSA.  
7.  DESCRIBE THE SPECIALIZED EPITHELIUM OF THE DORSUM OF THE TONGUE AND EXPLAIN THE LOCATION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE VARIOUS PAPILLAE (FILIFORM, FUNGIFORM, CIRCUMVALLATE,
    FOLIATE).   


    
CHAP 12   THE SALIVARY GLANDS

1.  IDENTIFY THE LOCATION OF THE MAJOR AND MINOR SALIVARY GLANDS.
2.  DESCRIBE THE SECRETIONS PRODUCED BY THE SALIVARY GLANDS.
3.  DESCRIBE THE HISTOLOGIC FEATURES OF THE SEROUS, MUCOUS AND MIXED SALIVARY GLANDS.
4.  IDENTIFY AND DIFFERENTIATE THE THREE MAJOR SALIVARY GLANDS BASED ON THEIR HISTOLOGIC APPEARANCE.
5.  DISCUSS THE ROLE OF SALIVA IN ORAL HEALTH.
6.  DISCUSS THE RELATIONSHIP OF CR VII TO THE PAROTID GLAND.  


CHAP 11   GINGIVA

1.  DESCRIBE THE CLINICAL APPEARANCE OF HEALTHY GINGIVA
2.  DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TERMS:
        ATTACHED GINGIVA
        FREE GINGIVAL MARGIN
        SULCUS
        INTERDENTAL PAPILLA
        COL
        FREE GINGIVAL GROOVE
        MUCOGINGIVAL JUNCTION
        ALVEOLAR MUCOSA
        ANATOMIC CROWN
        CLINICAL CROWN
3.  DESCRIBE THE ORIENTATION AND FUNCTION OF THE PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT FIBERS OF THE GINGIVA
4.  DISCUSS THE HISTOLOGIC FEATURES OF THE GINGIVAL SULCUS AND EXPLAIN HOW THIS RELATES TO GINGIVAL HEALTH
5.  EXPLAIN THE EMBRYOLOGIC DERIVATION OF THE ATTACHMENT EPITHELIUM
6.  EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF THE ATTACHMENT EPITHELIUM GINGIVAL HEALTH
7.  DISCUSS THE MIGRATION OF THE ATTACHMENT EPITHELIUM DURING THE LIFETIME OF THE DENTITION
8.  DISCUSS THE SPECIAL HISTOLOGIC FEATURES OF THE ATTACHMENT EPITHELIUM COMPARED WITH STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM IN OTHER AREAS OF THE ORAL CAVITY
9.  DEFINE THE FOLLOWING TERMS AND RELATE THEIR IMPORTANCE
    TO THE ATTACHMENT EPITHELIUM
        HEMIDESMOSOME
        BASAL LAMINA
        LAMINA LUCIDA
        LAMINA DENSA
10. COMPARE THE TERMS: PASSIVE ERUPTION AND ACTIVE ERUPTION
11. DESCRIBE THE EFFECT OF INFLAMMATION ON THE GINGIVA AND ATTACHMENT APPARATUS  


CHAPTER 13   TOOTH ERUPTION AND SHEDDING

1.  DISCUSS THE ROLES OF ROOT LENGTHENING AND ALVEOLAR BONE FORMATION IN TOOTH ERUPTION.
2.  EXPLAIN WHY PERMANENT THIRD MOLARS ARE COMMONLY IMPACTED.
3.  EXPLAIN THE ROLE OF HERTWIG’S EPITHELIAL ROOT SHEATH IN THE FORMATION OF THE JUNCTIONAL EPITHELIUM.
4.  DISCUSS THE POSITION OF THE JUNCTIONAL EPITHELIUM WITH AGING.
5.  EXPLAIN THE MECHANISM AND IMPORTANCE OF MESIAL DRIFT.
6.  EXPLAIN WHY PERMANENT MANDIBULAR INCISORS COMMONLY ERUPT TO THE LINGUAL OF THE PRIMARY INCISORS.
7.  EXPLAIN THE SIGNIFICANCE OF A “SUBMERGED” TOOTH. 

       

CHAP 14   TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT

1. IDENTIFY THE SKELETAL COMPONENTS WHICH CONTRIBUTE TO THE   TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT        (TMJ).
2.  DISCUSS THE COMPONENTS WHICH MAKE UP THE FUNCTIONING ELEMENTS OF THE JOINT.
3.  DESCRIBE BOTH HINGE AND GLIDING ACTION OF THE TMJ.   
4.  DESCRIBE THE CAPSULE OF THE TMJ IN TERMS OF ITS’ HISTOLOGY AND FUNCTION.
5.  DESCRIBE THE  FEATURES OF THE ARTICULAR DISC OF OF TMJ IN TERMS OF ITS’ HISTOLOGY AND FUNCTION.
6.  DESCRIBE THE FEATURES OF THE ARTICULAR EMINENCE AND ARTICULAR FOSSA IN TERMS OF THEIR HISTOLOGY AND FUNCTION.
7.  DESCRIBE THE FEATURES OF THE HEAD OF THE MANDIBULAR CONDYLE IN TERMS OF IT’S HISTOLOGY AND FUNCTION. 
8.  DIFFERENTIATE BETWEEN THE TMJ AND OTHER JOINTS OF THE HUMAN SKELETON.
9.  DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE OF THE GROWTH CENTER OF THE    MANDIBULAR CONDYLE.
10. DISCUSS THE IMPORTANCE OF OCCLUSION TO THE FUNCTION AND HEALTH OF THE TMJ.

      
   

           
 


Course Expectations


 

EXAMINATIONS:
SEVEN (7) EXAMINATIONS (INCLUDES FINAL EXAM) WILL BE GIVEN FOR THIS COURSE.  EXAMINATIONS WILL NOT BE COMPREHENSIVE.    .

 

REMINDER THAT THE COMBINED SCORES FROM THE LIBRARY ASSIGNMENT WILL EQUAL ONE EXAMINATION.  

          GRADING SCALE:
            92 -  100 = A
            83 -   91 = B
            75 -   82 = C
            65 -   74 = D

AS WITH ALL DENTAL HYGIENE COURSES, A 75 AVERAGE IS THE MINIMUM PASSING SCORE.


Final Exam12/5/2011  1300

Submission Format Policy


Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

 LIBRARY ASSIGNMENT:
HISTOLOGY LIBRARY ASSIGNMENT CONSISTS OF VIEWING THE FOLLOWING VIDEOTAPES AND HANDING IN A REPORT ON WHAT YOU BELIEVE ARE THE MOST INTERESTING AND IMPORTANT  POINTS PRESENTED IN EACH.  SIMPLY ANSWERING THE  SELF-TEST QUESTIONS IS NOT ADEQUATE. MY ANALYSIS OF THE REPORTS   WILL CONSIST OF THE ITEMS ABOVE PLUS HOW MUCH EFFORT YOU PUT  INTO THE PROJECT.  IF YOU INCLUDE FACTS IN THE REPORTS, MAKE SURE THAT YOUR FACTS ARE CORRECT!   THE REPORTS WILL BE GRADED ON A SCALE OF 100.  THE COMBINED SCORES WILL EQUAL ONE  EXAMINATION. THESE REPORTS ARE DUE ON 1 NOVEMBER.
REPORTS HANDED IN LATE WILL HAVE A 25
POINT DEDUCTION FROM THE TOTAL SCORE.

              VOLUME 3 EPITHELIAL TISSUE
              VOLUME 4 CONNECTIVE TISSUE
              VOLUME 5 BLOOD


 


Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

STUDENTS MISSING AN EXAM  WILL BE  ALLOWED TO MAKE UP THE  EXAM ON THE DAY OF THEIR  RETURN TO SCHOOL.  NO GRADE HIGHER THAN A 90 WILL BE GIVEN FOR MAKE-UP EXAMINATIONS.  STUDENTS WILL BE ALLOWED TO MAKE UP ONLY ONE (1) EXAM  PER SEMESTER

 


Other Policies


THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT:

MIDWESTERN STATE UNIVERSITY DOES NOT DISCRIMINATE ON THE BASIS OF AN INDIVIDUAL’S DISABILITY AND COMPLIES WITH SECTION 504 OF THE AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT IN ITS ADMISSION, ACCESSIBILITY, AND EMPLOYMENT OF INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES, AS DEFINED BY LAW, WHO ARE OTHERWISE QUALIFIED TO MEET ACADEMIC EMPLOYMENT REQUIREMENTS.  FOR ASSISTANCE CALL (940)397-4515. IT IS THE STUDENT’S RESPONSIBILITY TO DECLARE ANY DISABILITIES.  AFTER DECLARATION, PREFERABLY AT THE BEGINNING OF EACH SEMESTER, THE STUDENT NEEDS TO CONTACT INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTORS TO DETERMINE ANY REASONABLE ACCOMMODATIONS THAT MAY BE REQUIRED.     

 

 PHONE USE:

CELL PHONE USE (TEXTING OR VERBAL) IS EXTREMELY DISRUPTIVE TO YOUR FELLOW CLASSMATES AND TO THE FACULTY TEACHING THE COURSE.  THEREFORE THE USE OF CELL PHONES WILL NOT BE
TOLERATED, FOR ANY REASON.  IF YOU UTILIZE YOUR CELL PHONE IT WILL BE CONFISCATED FOR THE REMAINDER OF THE SCHEDULED DAY. REPEAT OFFENDERS WILL BE ASKED TO LEAVE THE CLASSROOM AND WILL BE REQUIRED TO MEET WITH THE FACULTY AND THE CHAIR OF THE DENTAL HYGIENE DEPT.  IN CASE OF EMERGENCIES, PLEASE NOTIFY SPOUSES, FAMILY AND FRIENDS TO CONTACT YOU VIA THE
PROGRAM SECRETARY AT 397-4764.

 

 WATER BOTTLES, CELL PHONES, HAND-HELD CALCULATORS/COMPUTERS ARE NOT ALLOWED DURING AN EXAMINATION.  POSSESSION OF ANY OF THESE DEVICES DURING AN EXAM WILL BE CONSTRUED AS
ACADEMIC DISHONESTY AND WILL BE DEALT WITH ACCORDINGLY.
 


Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at http://academics.mwsu.edu/wpr, or call 397-4131.