Course Details

Course Number: RADS 3773  Section Number: X20

Spring 2013

Location: Bridwell Hall

Days & Times:

Internet course

Course Attachments


MSU Faculty Member
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)   
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Course Objectives

Course Overview:

            This course will provide the radiologic science professional theories and principles of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living systems above that of an associate radiobiology course. Radiation affects on biologic molecules & organisms and factors affecting biological response are explored. Acute and long-term effects of ionizing radiation exposure are discussed. Applications in diagnostic and therapeutic settings are presented. Radiation protection is also discussed.


Course Objectives:  Upon completion of this course, a student will:

  • Apply scientific principles of cell biology.
  • Identify basic biologic interactions of ionizing radiation with living cells.
  • Summarize human cellular response to ionizing radiation.
  • Explain living tissue radiation biology.
  • Discuss modification of living cells and tissue responses to ionizing radiation.
  • Describe radiation radiobiologyin relationship to human systems, organs, or structures.
  • Explain total radiation response to the human adult, child, fetus, and embryo.
  • Summarize late effects of ionizing radiation on humans.
  • Apply radiobiology theories and models to diagnostic and therapeutic practices.
  • Conduct research related to ionizing radiation and its impact on living tissue.
  • Review radiation protection

Teaching Strategies:

Independent reading assignments, Desire2Learn (D2L) open book module quizzes, Radiobiology Paper, Discussion Board participation, and Desire2Learn (D2L) CLOSED book Final Exam are used in this course.

Course Expectations




Hall, E.J., & Giaccia, A.J. (2012). Radiobiology for the Radiologist. (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. [ISBN 978-1-60831-193-4]

Additional Resources (utilize as needed to supplement textbook and modules)

American Psychological Association (2011). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed).  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. [IBSN13: 978-1-4338-0561-5]

Communication with Instructor:

Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus.  Email is the preferred mode of communication.  Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course. 

Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students. If you have not established this account, do so as soon as possible by going to:

The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session.  Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc).

When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account.

Administrative Process:

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 

Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4615)

College Dean – Dr. James Johnston (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273)

Grading Standards


  •   Unit Quizzes                                                                        = 30%
  •   Annotated Bibliography                                                          = 20%
  •   Discussion Board Participation                                                 =10%
  •   Comprehensive Closed Book Final Exam                                  = 40%


Grade Scale:

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below

Submission Format Policy



Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar.  See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. Assignments turned in are considered completed assignments and will be graded accordingly.

Unit Quizzes (30%)

            When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to Desire2Learn (D2L) and receive a customized timed module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions.  See the course schedule for the open and close dates for the quizzes.

Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his or her quiz for grading.

All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead. Quizzes must be completed and submitted by the completion date as indicated on the course schedule. Quizzes not completed by the indicated due dates will be graded as zero (0). Students should contact the instructor in extenuating circumstances; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.

If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in Desire2Learn (D2L), contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email to the course instructor explaining what happened.

If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to

the course instructor that includes the following:

  • Module Quiz Number (I –VI)
  • Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
  •  Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct
  •  Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale

After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated.  It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.

Radiobiology Paper (20%) 

The Radiobiology paper will introduce the student to how to recognize peer-reviewed articles, gain an introductory knowledge of APA specifications and formatting, and be able to concisely summarize and evaluate research articles relating to radiobiology and concepts within this course.

Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within Desire2Learn for more information on academic dishonesty.

Students should refer to the sample paper on the course website for ideas about how the report should be done.

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.


Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.

First, locate and record citations to 5 or more articles in peer-reviewed or scholarly journals that contain information that are relevant to topics in this course (ionizing radiation, cell death, cancer incidence due to radiation exposure, dose trends) and healthcare or medicine.

Cite the article or document using the APA style.

Write a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the article. In summarizing your article include one or more sentences that (Pick One):

(a) evaluate the authority or background of the author,

(b) comment on the intended audience,

(c) compare or contrast this work with another you have cited

 (d) explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.

DO NOT copy and paste the abstract from the peer reviewed journal.

Save your annotated bibliography with your last name and topic, so that the instructor can find your document easier.


            Many scholarly journals use a process of peer review prior to publishing an article, whereby other scholars in the author's field or specialty critically assess a draft of the article. Peer-reviewed journals (also called refereed journals) are scholarly journals that only publish articles that have passed through this review process. The review process helps ensure that the published articles reflect solid scholarship in their fields.

The Advance for Imaging & Radiation Oncology is NOT a peer reviewed journal.

The Journal of the American Medical Association IS a peer reviewed journal.

You can find information and some peer-reviewed journals on the following websites:

            You can research databases through the Library link on the MWSU Homepage. You might some need help navigating the databases. If you would like more help e-mail your instructor or the library and they would be happy to assist you.


For guidance in critically appraising and analyzing the sources for your bibliography,

Focus on the Content Analysis section of the site.


APA citation style is required. If you do not already own a copy of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition, ISBN 1-4338-0561-8), you may want to consider purchasing one through the MSU Book Store or elsewhere. Even though the websites are helpful, occasionally they can be difficult to navigate. You will need to purchase an APA manual at some point, as there are writing assignments in all RADS professional core courses and some of the electives.

There are links to websites in the “Annotated Bibliography” folder on the course page.


The following example uses the APA format for the journal citation. NOTE: APA requires double spacing and hanging indent within citations. Papers contents should be double spaced.

Johnston, J., Comello, R., Veale, B., & Killion, J. (2010). Radiation exposure dose trends and radiation protection in medical imaging. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences, 41, 137-144. doi:10.1016/j.jmir.2010.06.003

            The authors are all tenured faculty member of the Midwestern State University Radiologic Sciences Department. The authors performed a literature review of the resurgence of radiation exposure injuries and revealed that there was a gap in literature concerning radiation practices and continued education of today’s radiologic technologists. The authors briefly identified studies from the 1940’s and 1960’s that examined the damaging effects of radiation to the body such as leukemia and cancers. From these studies, regulations were established to set dose limits and the National Council on Radiation Protection. From the review, it has been found that the increase in imaging in healthcare has attributed to increasing radiation exposures. The lack of national regulation and educational standards of radiologic technologists in the U.S. also increases the exposure to the population.


The Annotated bibliography should be/have:

  • A MSU standard cover page
  • Double spaced
  • 1” margins
  • Page numbers and an all capitalized shortened title (ex. RADIATION) on each page in the header section of the paper. Cover page should have Running head: SHORTENED TITLE (ex Running head: RADIATION)
  • 12pt Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial font
  • Alphabetized by author’s last name, See APA.
  • Citation should have hanging indent

When completed, save your paper containing all 5 bibliographic entries in a single Microsoft Word file with your last name and topic.

Ex.       Smith_ radiation

Submit your paper to the Radiobiology Paper Dropbox as an attachment.

The grades are based on:

  1. The use of 5 or more peer reviewed journals
  2. Correct APA citation format and document format
  3. Summarization of the source and following instructions
  4. Grammar, punctuation, and spelling
  5. Tone (formality vs informality)                   

Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.

The assignment is due on the date in the course calendar found at the end of the syllabus.

   Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Late assignment passed the due date in the Course Schedule will not be accepted and a grade of “0” will be recorded. Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.


Discussion Board Participation (10%)           

A discussion board is established for the course. Students should visit the board at least once a week during the semester. Regular and continuous participation in this type of classroom discussion accounts for 10% of the course grade and students should designate a time each week to participate in this class activity.  Fulfilling the requirements at the end of the semester does NOT constitute regular and continuous participation. Any student who chooses to participate in this manner will not receive full credit for this activity.

Each student must post one (1) discussion-type question* on the forum for class discussion during the semester. Each student must respond to at least five (5) posted questions. The student posting the question will serve as the resource for the discussion by their classmates. Questions and responses must be completed by the dates published in the course calendar.  No late postings will be used in calculating your grade.

The discussion board is designed to encourage interaction between course students. Have fun with this activity but take it seriously because it does contribute to your course grade. Please make sure questions are course related when posting them. Remember that posting a question will account for a significant portion of the course participation grade. This portion of the course grade will be based upon two things: posting a question & replying to any questions/comments from classmates; and responding to questions posted by classmates.  

*What is a "discussion-type question"?  A discussion-type question is one that does not necessarily have a right or wrong answer, unlike a "factual question".  If I ask what the sum of 2 + 2 is, we know that (hopefully) that the answer is 4 -- That is a "fact" & there is no room for discussion.  There is a right answer & an unlimited number of wrong answers.


 Desire2Learn (D2L) Closed Book Final Exam – (40%)

            The final examination is a proctored, "closed book", comprehensive examination of multiple-choice format.  The final exam is a timed, 2 hour (120 minute) test. Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the dates published in the course schedule. All final examinations will be administered during the designated date(s) and time(s) listed in the calendar and/or syllabus. There will be NO alteration of any type to this schedule.

Extenuating circumstances may be discussed and an alternative arrangement may be made at the discretion of the instructor.

Note: Any decision by the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made.

Please schedule the time for the final with your proctor when completing the required Proctor Application form and returning the application by the due date in the course schedule. You are encouraged to try accessing the course from the proctor's computer prior to showing up for your Final so that access issues (such as pop-up blockers & firewall) can be remedied prior to your scheduled test time.

The unit objectives, study guides, and examinations can be utilized to review for the final. 

Typically acceptable proctor sites and candidates include:

  • College or University Testing Centers
  •  Officials at military base education offices
  •  Commercial testing services such as Sylvan, Thomson-Prometric, or Pearson VUE Testing Centers are NOT accepted as testing centers.

The exam site must have reliable Internet connections and should have at least two Internet browsers available (Mozilla Firefox and Microsoft Explorer).  Sites with extensive firewalls and high security mechanisms may not work for testing.  Please test to be sure you can connect to Desire2Learn (D2L) before committing to a proctor site.  High speed connections are more desirable than traditional phone line connections.  The site must support an independent phone line in addition to the computer connection so that calls can be made while the student is connected online.  The proctor must have moderate computer expertise including the ability and authorization to reboot the remote computer.  The student is responsible for any fees proctors charge for their services. 

Even if someone has served as a proctor in previous courses, he or she will not be accepted as a proctor for this course if he or she does not meet these criteria.  Proctor emails will only be sent to commercial or educational email addresses.  Proctor approval is at the discretion of the course instructor.

The proctor form is available in .pdf format from Desire2Learn (D2L).  The proctor forms for this course have been redesigned so please use the appropriate proctor forms.   Students should review the form and get the proctor information ahead of time.  Students should then open the Adobe PDF file and type the required information in the boxes on the forms.  Students should print the forms and have the proctor sign the forms.  The students should then fax the forms to the course instructor (Fax Number 940-397-4845). 

Each student can set his/her exam appointment anytime between 9am and 9pm.  It is better to take the exam during normal working hours to be sure that MSU Technical Support will be available.  The course instructor will provide the examination password to the proctor by email. 

The instructor may be available by phone and email during the exam time in case there are technical difficulties with the electronic version of the exam.  If there are any problems during the exam, the proctor should call the course instructor (Toll Free 866-575-4305, Direct 940-397-4083, Cell 940-249-0100) If the instructor is not available, contact MSU Technical Support through MSU Desire2Learn (D2L), and send an email to the instructor explaining what happened.  The exam may have to be rescheduled.

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

udents can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar.  See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. Assignments turned in are considered completed assignments and will be graded accordingly.

Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements


This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions.  However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto Desire2Learn (D2L).  Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner.

Other Policies






* Note: These are Central Times

January 12

First day of class, All quizzes are opened

January 28

Quiz 1 due by midnight

February 11

Quiz 2 due by midnight

February 25

Quiz 3 due by midnight

March 9-17

Spring Break

March 18

Quiz 4 due by midnight

March 28- 31

Easter Break

April 1

Radiobiology paper due by midnight

April 15

Proctor Applications due by 5:00pm

April 15

Quiz 5 due by midnight

April 29

Quiz 6 due by midnight

April 29

All Discussion Board postings due by midnight

April 30- May 9

Final Exams must be completed by 8:00pm CST on May 9


Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.