Applied Research

Course Details

Course Number: RADS 4913  Section Number: X25

Fall 2012

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: online

Days & Times:

This is an online course.



Course Attachments

Textbooks

MSU Faculty Member
Sheree Phifer   
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Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, a student will:

  • Apply appropriate research methods.
  • Formulate an appropriate research question.
  • Compose a publication quality substantive research paper that reviews previously published articles.
  • Format this research paper which is a literature review in appropriate APA style (no original research is allowed).


 


Course Expectations

 

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, a student will:

  • Apply appropriate research methods.
  • Formulate an appropriate research question.
  • Compose a publication quality substantive research paper that reviews previously published articles.
  • Format this research paper which is a literature review in appropriate APA style (no original research is allowed).


 

Course Expectations

Students must have reliable and continual computer and Internet access. All course activities will be completed using WebCT.

 Prerequisites: RADS 3503 Research (must be successfully completed BEFORE this course can be taken)

 

 

Assignment 1 – Research Question and Outline
The student must continue with the topic/research question presented during RADS 3503 and the topic must be approved by the instructor.

 

This course only allows topics related to Radiologic Sciences (which emphasize the role of technologists), not papers related to clinical radiology (which emphasize the role of radiologists). For example, “Factors Contributing to Job Satisfaction for MRI Technologists” is acceptable, but “Treatment of Obstructive Bowel Syndrome” is not acceptable. Also for example, “Positions for Radiographic Demonstration of the Trauma Knee” is acceptable, but “Diagnosis of Cerebral Hemorrhage” is not acceptable. Topics cannot deal with subjects that are outside the scope of practice of the radiographer.

 

The outline should be based on published literature.  Students will not develop their own surveys or conduct experiments to write this paper.

 

Students must complete the Research Question Approval Form, include a detailed outline of the paper, and include the reference list created in RADS 3503. The assignmentmust be submitted to the Assignment I Dropbox in Blackboard by the due date.

 

The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric, Proposal Form, Formulating a Research Question document, & Sample Outline.
 

Assignment 2 – Title Page
Title page – pages 23 and 24 of the 6th edition of the APA Manual describes the components of the title page.  Use the sample title page available under Course Materials on the course homepage because it includes additional information not included on the APA version. It helps distinguish assignments submitted in different classes.

 

The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric & Sample Title Page.

 

Assignment 3 – Reference List

Refer to Chapters 6 and 7 in the APA Manual for an explanation on how to construct a reference list. Also, refer back to RADS 3503; you should have your graded reference list from that class. A minimum of eight (8) references is required.

NOTE ON REFERENCES:References should be from a variety of sources with the majority of references beingfrom peer review journals or other scholarly works. Peer review journals use an editorial review board that evaluates the article for accuracy. Publications or magazines like RT Image, Advance, Decisions in Imaging Economics, and Applied Radiology are not peer-reviewed. Journals such as Radiologic Technology, Radiologic Science & Education, and Radiology Management are peer-reviewed. You should be able to look at the inside cover of a journal or on a web site to see if the journal has a review board. Most likely if you can not find anything about a review board then the journal is not peer reviewed. The journal homepage should also indicate if the journal is peer-reviewed.

 

The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric.


 

 

Assignment 4 – Body

The body of this paper is to include the following sections:   introduction, methods, discussion, conclusion, and suggestions for future research.  All sections except the Introduction should have a header – see APA Manual page 62 Section 3.03. This part of the paper must be no less than 5 pages and no more than 7 full length pages (Times New Roman, 12 pt font).  Students should ALSO submit the corrected and revised Reference List from Assignment 3 so the reference list can be checked against the in-text citations.

The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric, Sample Paper, Writing a Methods Section, Writing a Literature Review article, & How to Read Literature article.

An expanded explanation of each component follows.

Introduction(includes background, purpose, research question, hypothesis) - pp. 27, 26 and 63 (APA Manual). This is where you develop the reason for the problem. Note:  The word Introduction is not used as a header.  The first section of the paper is assumed to be the Introduction section.

Methods (how references were found and what resources were used). The APA Manual describes methodology for original research.  Because no original research is allowed in this course, use the methods section to describe how information was obtained.

 

Example:  Searches were conducted using the following key words: knee injuries, radiology, radiography, infection control, (etc. to include all the appropriate search terms).  Academic First Search, ERIC, EbscoHost were the primary databases used and were accessed through the Midwestern State University Library. 

 

Discussion - pp. 35-36 (APA Manual).  Compare the literature with the approved research question.  This is where all the literature is pulled together so that the reader doesn’t have to read each separate source.  The writer’s job for this section is to enlighten the reader by synthesizing the literature and reporting on it. For example one can formulate thoughts based on the literature, but a personal opinion is not appropriate in a research literature review.  The writer is reporting on what was found; therefore, it must be supported with reference citations. Do not use personal pronouns such as “I found this…” or “we see this …”

For example if this were written:

Firms must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees to effectively deal with this expected predicament. Proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program.

While this may be true, it must be backed by research so here is how it might have been rewritten:


During this literature review, a common theme was evident among many of the authors (Ackerman, 2000; Bated, 2003; Devlin, 2000; Myers, 2006; & Zuckerman, 2007) that organizations must take the initiative in retaining gifted and competent employees.  It appears that proactive exploring is the catalyst for discovering various methods that could improve the retention rate of radiologic technologists and provide direction for organizations looking to implement and maintain a successful employee retention program.  For example, Veale' (2008) said, "Passive attitudes towards employee retention are no longer effective.  Healthcare organizations are bleeding to death by ignoring the loss of talent” (p. 45). 
 
 


 

 

It seems then that the answer to the question of how to keep talent is to contemplate, renovate, innovate, and create new best practices to achieve institutional goals and thereby add to the existing body of knowledge on radiographer retention.  Watts (2005) and Johnston (2007) support these notions by strongly encouraging healthcare organizations to work with employees instead of against them and to actively engage employees in the development of best practices for retention.

 

Conclusion– See the sample paper under Course Materials on the course home page. This is where you remind readers of the purpose, what was discovered, and if the findings were in line with the research question. Remember, this sectionshould be no longer than 1 page.
 

Suggestions for future research- Explain where the literature was lacking and possible future research studies.

Appendices(if needed) - Place any graphics, tables, etc. after the references.

 

 

Assignment 5 – Abstract

See page 25, 26 and 229  in the APA Manual . The abstract should be no more than 120 words. Explain what the focus of the paper is and a little bit about the literature. Sell your paper here. Write something that is going to make people want to read this. The abstract is essentially a snapshot of the entire paper; it is what hooks people and convinces them to continue reading. Write the abstract after you complete the paper.

The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric & Writing an Abstract.

 

Assignment 6 – Final Paper

This research paper is to be a substantial manuscript (5-7 full length pages for the body). The length of the body of the paper is in addition to the title page, abstract, appendices, and reference list. The paper MUST reflect baccalaureate level effort and MUST incorporate the suggestions for revision provided by the instructor for assignments #1 - #5.  It should demonstrate the student's ability to gather and discriminate pertinent resources, synthesize information from a variety of sources, apply new information to a topic, and correctly use the APA Reference Style.


The following documents are available for guidance, and are located in this assignment dropbox: Grade Rubric.


 


Grading Standards

 Grading/ Evaluation:
Students are required to submit all assignments in the appropriate assignment drop box in Blackboard (WebCT).  Do not email or fax assignments unless told specifically to do so by your instructor. Do not wait until the last minute to submit in case you have technical difficulties.  If you have difficulties submitting any assignments, contact your instructor immediately so that problems can be resolved by the deadline.  Technical difficulties need to be addressed through the WebCT help link.  Assignments must be submitted on time; due to the nature of this course, late submissions will not be accepted after the due date and will result in a “0” for that part of the assignment.

 

Grading Scheme

Assignment

Weight 

Research Question & Outline

3%

Title Page

2%

Reference List

25%

 Body of Paper

35%

Abstract

5%

Final Paper

30%

 

 

Grade Scale

A =

100 – 90

B =

89 - 80

C =

79 - 70

D =

69 - 60

F =

Below 60

 


Submission Format Policy

All parts of  assignments MUST be submitted as ONE single document through the assignment drop box.

Regarding the assignment drop box: be sure you have the proper Java script running.  There is a browser tune-up available on your course list page.  If for some reason you cannot upload assignments, please check with the help desk AFTER you have updated your settings.  You are prompted to do this when you open Blackboard.  Please do not ignore it.  Late submissions are not excused for this, so don’t wait until the last minute to submit.

 



Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

 Late submissions are not accepted. 


Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at http://academics.mwsu.edu/wpr, or call 397-4131.