2:00-4:50 Monday and Wednesday
Office C106: Office Hours by appointment on Tuesday and Thursday
Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Telephone: 940-397-4385
Exploration of painted surfaces, personal development of imagery, direction and content, construction of permanent painting surfaces and technical execution. This is an assignment-based class. A final portfolio will consist of all assigned paintings.
Beginning the learning process of the techniques and history of painting through studying methods and images in a media survey introductory class. Students will acquire traditional knowledge and contemporary attitudes practicing various techniques of rendering and subject presentation. Visual and conceptual problem-solving, visual language and vocabulary, and presentation skills including stretcher construction, and canvas stretching are covered.
All artwork must be original. Paintings should be constructed with the following goals in mind and will be evaluated based on the following:
1. Consistency 5. Level of ambition
2. Content/Idea 6. Choice of subject(s)
3. Technique 7. Level of finish
A final portfolio of paintings will be required from each individual. Two reviews will be conducted during the semester. The student will submit all assigned work for evaluation. The emphasis for a beginning painting student is on productivity, exploration, quality, originality and improving technique. The emphasis for more advanced students is on productivity, exploration, continuity, originality of image and ideas, quality and improved technique. All undergraduates are subject to specific assignments. At each review, the student will present assigned work and have other work(s) available for discussion.
CLASSROOM PROCEDURES and ACTIVITIES
A) Introduction of technique(s) and media.
B) Historical and contemporary examples presented and discussed.
C) Demonstration(s) and vocabulary covered.
D) Explanation of purpose of assignments.
E) Professor instructs by presentation of techniques and concepts, inviting interaction by questions and responses, opinions and dialogue.
F) Classroom practice, outside-of-class practice, problem solving, revision, one-on-one dialogue with instructor, class discussion and analysis, individual reflection.
G) Students are encouraged to interact with each other and their work in order to practice the discipline of objective observation & critique in order to improve upon and make progress with their work.
H) Students should understand that progress is directly related to how much time is spent practicing painting – those who spend the most time painting inside AND outside of class are those who acquire the most knowledge and gain the most skill.
*Number of assignments, due dates, review dates, etc., are subject to change.
GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
1. Acquire a visual art vocabulary.
2. Composition skills; how the elements and principles apply.
3. Approach and awareness concerning visual presentation.
4. Presentation skills.
5. Technical skill with a variety of drawing media.
6. Conceptual and visual problem-solving.
7. Knowledge of history of painting and contemporary attitudes.
8. Practice of painting skills a minimum of 12 hours per week.
9. How to communicate individual aesthetic concerns through a painting.
10. Objective observation and evaluation.
11. To appreciate painting as a discipline.
No text required. Some are recommended, below. Also, as an artist is discussed in class and examples are shown, students should seek out published volumes of these artists work from the library.
1. "Traditional Oil Painting", Virgil Elliott, Watson-Guptill Publishers
2. "But is it art?", Cynthia Freeland, Oxford University Press
3. "Watercolor Bright & Beautiful", Karwoski, Watson-Guptill Publishers
4. "The Art of Watercolor", Charles LeClair, Watson-Guptill Publishers
5. "The Watercolor Book", David Dewey, Watson-Guptill Publishers
6. "The Acrylics Book", Barclay Sheaks, Watson-Guptill Publishers
7. "The Oil Painting Book", Bill Creevy, Watson-Guptill Publishers
8. "Art & Fear", Bales & Orland, ISBN: 0-9614547-3-3
9. "Watercolor Class", Michael Crespo, Watson-Guptill Publishers
10. "20th Century Watercolors", Christopher Finch, Abbeville Press, NY
11. "American Traditions in Watercolor", Donelson Hoopes, Abbeville Press, NY
12. "Guide to Watercolor Paints", Donelson Hoopes, Abbeville Press, NY
13. "Blue & Yellow Don’t Make Green", Michael Wilcox, F & W Publications
For additional suggestions, please consult with instructor.
ACQUIRE ART MATERIALS IN TIME FOR SCHEDULED USE IN CLASS
Students who do not have materials to work with will be asked to leave class and take an absence.
GALLERY OPENING REQUIRMENT FALL 2014
· Students enrolled in studio or art history courses must attend every gallery opening.
· At every gallery opening, the student will receive a comment sheet.
· During each opening, the student must fill out and submit the comment sheet.
· If the student cannot attend the gallery opening, they must meet following requirements:
1. The student must write a paper on the artist exhibited in the Juanita Harvey gallery.
2. The paper should emphasize the student’s reaction to the work.
3. The paper must be formatted in Times New Roman, 12pt font, and be double-spaced.
4. The paper must consist of 500 words.
5. The paper must be submitted to the art office one week after the exhibition opening.
6. If the exhibition extends past the final class day of the semester, the paper will be due one week before the final class day of the semester.
· If a student does not attend the show nor submit a paper, their final grade will be dropped 3.3% per gallery opening.
· If a student misses all of the gallery openings and does not write a paper for each required exhibition, the student’s final grade will be dropped by 10%.
1. Art Camp, Museum of Art, September 12, 1:00 - 4:00 p.m.
2. Scott Frish, Printmaker, Opening September 19, 6:00-8:00 p.m.
3. Faculty Exhibition , Opening Friday October 31, 6:00-8:00 p.m.
THE REQUIRED EXHIBITIONS FOR FALL 2014 WILL BE POSTED ON STUDIO DOORS THROUGHOUT THE SEMESTER. PLEASE WATCH FOR THIS INFORMATION.
1st Review: Conclusion of 1st assignment
2nd Review: Conclusion of 2nd assignment
3rd Review: 3rd assignment (during Finals Week)
These are subject to change
The student must make decisions concerning: style, subject matter, content, surface, reference material, unless assigned and specified by instructor.
All paintings must be constructed with the following goals:
2. Content (containing an expression of an idea)
All works must be original and not copied. Original: not copied from something else; fresh; inventive; unconventional; innovative. Copying is plagiarism!
Plagiarism: to present the ideas, words, or images of another as one’s own.
See included information: STUDENT HONOR CREED & CODE OF CONDUCT.
People working in oil and acrylic will be required to frame one of these paintings on canvas, as previously stated, for the final portfolio.
Paintings on paper or canvas construction: 16” X 20”, 18" x 24", 22" x 30", 26" x 40", 30" x 40", 40 x 60 OPTION 1: If the student wishes to paint smaller or larger, the total linear inches of all pieces should equal or exceed 832". Any deviation from the standard sizes and/or number of pieces should be discussed with instructor prior to painting.
The only exceptions to this will be work assigned by instructor (beg. OIL)
OPTION 2: Students beyond beginning level electing to do the 10 aquamedia paintings 11”x15”, will have this requirement reduced to four – 18” x 24” paintings (416”).
Students will come to class prepared to paint. All necessary preparation of surface, "research", purchasing of materials, etc. must be done outside of class.
RETAINING AND RETURN OF STUDENT WORK
If work is left in the studio longer than (1) one month after the end of the semester, the department has the right to dispose of or use the unclaimed work for any purpose. If the student, upon due notification, does not claim their work after a three month period, the Department will have the right to dispose of it. The department reserves the privilege of retaining such student work as desired for reference or exhibition purposes.
A final submission of all assigned work is required. Portfolios should be professional: black tie or zipper style for any paintings on paper and record-keeping binder.
REQUIREMENT: RECORD KEEPING
PLAGIARISM ISSUES: Each student will keep and submit, with the final portfolio, a three-ring binder that contains a copy of the syllabus and course schedule, cost sheet, list of works and titles of portfolio items, documents concerning each assignment, sketches, computer print-outs, reference images/research, internet downloads, etc., and notes on each class review. Proof must be provided that each individual's artwork is original and not plagiarized. (see “Student Standards of Conduct & “Student Honor Creed”)
WEBSITES FOR RESEARCH AND REFERENCE
www.metmuseum.org (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
www.nga.gov (National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.)
www.artic.edu (Art Institute of Chicago)
www.frick.org (The Frick Collection, New York)
www.AMN.org (Art Museum Network)
www.gallery-guide.com (gallery exhibits)
www.lacma.org (Los Angeles County Museum of Art)
www.camio.oclc.org (Catalog of Art Museum Images Online)
Painting Assignments & Schedule, subject to change
Monday 25 Syllabus distribution, storage & area assignments.
Wednesday 27 Introduce Assignment #1. Presentation & Demonstration. “3 Color Watercolor Monotype”
Monday 1 LABOR DAY HOLIDAY
Wednesday 3 Begin Assignment #1
Monday 8 #1 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Wednesday 10 Assignment #1
Priddy Foundation Workshop at the Museum of Art
Monday 15 #2 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Art Camp Picnic in afternoon: 3:00 – 6:00 pm
Wednesday 17 Assignment #1
Monday 22 #3 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Assignment #1 DUE.
Presentation & Demonstration for Assignment #2: “Impasto Acrylic Painting #1”.
Wednesday 24 Assignment #2
Monday 29 #4 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Wednesday 1 Assignment #2
Monday 6 REVIEW #1: All 3 Color Watercolor Monotypes.
Wednesday 8 Assignment #2
Monday 13 #5 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Wednesday 15 Assignment #2 DUE: Assignment #3: “Impasto Acrylic Painting #2”.
Monday 20 #6 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due. Assignment #3
Wednesday 22 Assignment #3
Monday 27 #7 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due. Assignment #3
Wednesday 29 Assignment #3
Monday 3 REVIEW #2: Both Impasto Acrylic Paintings (Assignment #3 DUE.)
Wednesday 5 Assignment #4 Presentation & Demonstration for Assignment #4: “Oil Paintings #1 & 2”
Thursday 6 FIELD TRIP TO FT. WORTH MUSEUMS: KIMBALL, AMON CARTER & CONTEMPORARY
Monday 10 #8 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due. Assignment #4
Wednesday 12 Assignment #4
Monday 17 #9 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Wednesday 19 Assignment #4
Monday 24 #10 Outside-of-Class watercolor painting due.
Wednesday 26 Thanksgiving.
Monday 1 Assignment #4
Wednesday 3 Class: CLEAN-UP & PORTFOLIOS DUE
All assignments are evaluated for grades. Late work is unacceptable. Incomplete work, unsubmitted work, work not attempted, late work, etc. will receive an evaluation of 0%. The portfolio is part of your final grade, along with evaluation of attendance, participation in group reviews, and any other performance-based elements pertinent to each student’s progress.
Presentation materials and techniques will be seriously scrutinized. Stretcher construction and materials will meet instructors' expectations and approval.
A (90 – 100) = indicates excellent work
B (80 – 89) = indicates good work
C (70 – 79) = indicates satisfactory work
D (60 – 69) = indicates passing work
F (59 and below) = indicates failing work
In addition, I use the following system when evaluating work:
A+ (98) A (95) A- (92)
B+ (88) B (85) B- (82)
C+ (78) C (75) C- (72)
D+ (68) D (65) D- (62)
O%: Late assignments, unsubmitted assignment.
Evaluation of each painting is based on the following:
1. Technical Quality: Presentation skills, craft of using materials and tools, rendering skills, observational skills.
2. Aesthetic Quality: Compositional skills, level of ambition, drawing complexity, imagination, awareness of contemporary and historical painting, critical judgment.
3. Intellectual Quality: Substance of content and ideas expressed visually.
4. It is required that all paintings be submitted on time and completed.
UNDERSTANDING OTHER CRITERIA OF ACHIEVEMENT
The following are characteristics of people who are successful in this course:
1. Positive attitude.
2. Superior attendance – they want to be in class and they enjoy painting.
3. Work is submitted on time, every time.
4. Consistently works for at least 6 hours outside of class every week on painting; spends additional time practicing presentation skills.
5. Paintings exhibit advancement and progress in technical skill areas.
6. Paintings exhibit advancement and progress in aesthetic skill areas.
7. They work hard and understand that learning to paint is challenging – it takes time and practice.
8. They pay attention to what the professor is saying and take notes.
9. They are able to focus and concentrate on what they are doing – they are seldom distracted by others.
10. Are willing to change and accept the constructive criticism/observations/advice that the professor offers.
11. Never allow their personal frustration to interrupt or disturb others concentration and peacefulness by vocalizing or acting out during painting sessions.
12. Are respectful of the professor, other students, and the environment.
13. Understand that the casual atmosphere of the studio is for everyone’s benefit, and do not abuse the privilege.
14. Conducts personal research and checks out books from the library. They know that looking at Old Masters and contemporary paintings teach them composition, technique, methods of refinement, presentation and assist with making better personal judgments. They can also ask the professor questions
they have concerning these artists and their work.
REQUIREMENT: RECORD KEEPING
All assignments are evaluated for grades. Late work is unacceptable. Incomplete work, unsubmitted work, work not attempted, late work, etc. will receive an evaluation of 0%
At Midwestern State University the faculty member is the authority concerning the selection of topics, texts and teaching methodology. The faculty member has the freedom and responsibility to maintain a standard of student behavior and control the classroom environment.
The student is expected to be aware of the basic tenets of this Code of Conduct (see Student Handbook), as well as the Student Honor Creed. The faculty member may drop a student from class for disruptive, disrespectful, or unruly conduct. Excessive absences, chronic tardiness, failure to complete assignments on time, academic dishonesty or plagiarism will cause a student to be withdrawn from the course, and may result in a grade evaluation of "F".
HSOVA POLICY AND PROCEDURE
Attendance and Lateness Policy
(Adopted February 21, 2014, revised February 24, 2014, Adopted March 28, 2014)
Effective Fall Semester 2014
Students enrolled in the Juanita and Ralph Harvey School of Visual Arts must comply with the following department-wide Attendance and Lateness Policy:
· Students arriving ten minutes after class begins will be considered late, and will be counted absent.
· THREE late arrivals counts as a single absence.
· Students may be absent from class THREE times without penalty and without providing any documentation regarding the absence.
· If students incur a FOURTH absence, their final course evaluation will be reduced by a full letter grade.
· If students are absent or late FIVE times, whatever the reason, they will receive a FAILING GRADE, be dropped from the class roll, and be asked to stop attending class.
Faculty members have the discretion to make exceptions to this policy based on individual circumstances.
CELL PHONE POLICY (READ THIS TWICE, PLEASE)
VERY IMPORTANT: Students are advised to TURN OFF YOUR CELL PHONES during class.
There are NO cell phones permitted to be out and/or in my (or your) sight in this class. This class requires your engagement, and cell phones serve to detract from that engagement.
Additionally, your phone should be not only put away, but on “silent” (NOTE: vibrate is NOT silent). If I SEE your phone you will be asked to put it away, and you will lose 2 points off of your final grade. Should your phone ring/vibrate during class, you are dismissed for the day. You will silence it immediately, and quietly leave the class session. You will be counted absent for the session. Failure to adhere to this will result in more stringent disciplinary action.
(If there is an emergency situation, it is the student's responsibility to communicate with the instructor. You are to provide someone on the other end of the emergency situation with your whereabouts during class time, and with the telephone number of the main art office: 940-397-4264. You may also give them the instructor’s office number for this time period: 940-397-4385.)
Some products that you will be using may require special attention. The professor will demonstrate the proper use of each piece of equipment and materials, and make suggestions to those who may need additional protection. The classroom first aid kit is located to the side of the back sink area, and there is a hallway phone. The campus police phone number is: 940-397-4239. Emergency is: 911 (fire, police, ambulance). Vinson Health Center is: 940-397-4231. Kell West (5420 Kell Blvd.): 940-692-5888; United Regional Health Care (1600 11th St.) 940-764-7000 Transtar Ambulence: 940-696-6400
http://www.mwsu.edu/msualert/ sign up for this alert
What are some reasonable things you can do to protect yourself?
1. Keep the above numbers on your cell phone.
2. Know where the first aid kit is – let the professor know if you hurt yourself! Let the professor know if we are low on certain supplies after you use them.
3. Keep the presentation area clutter-free and clean.
5. When doing presentation, work without distractions.
6. If you are sick, don’t come to class and spread your germs around.
7. Wear a protective mask if you need it.
8. Wear protective gloves if you need them.
9. Wear rubber soled closed toed shoes for good back support and safety.
10. Read safety instructions on all supplies.
1. The compressed airline is stable and requires no adjustment. Do not adjust the pressure gauge.
2. A list of hazardous materials is available upon request. The location is in the presentation area.
3. Disposal containers are provided for solvents and solvent rags. Proper disposal systems are explained and enforced by the instructor. Students are responsible for correct follow-through.
4. Persons who have a reaction to turpentine, solvents, oils and varnishes should wear latex gloves and use agents in the oil paint to counter reactions. Water-soluable oil paints and mediums are also available. Solvents ARE NOT to be poured down the sink drain. Proper disposal units are within the studio environment (SEE ITEM #5).
5. Taking this class in Painting in the Department of Art at Midwestern State University means that you assume responsibility to use all equipment, tools, and materials related to the course in a safe manner. If you have any health-related problems that would be adversely affected by taking the course, you should consult with the instructor at the end of the first day of class.
6. Putting yourself or others at risk will adversely affect your continued enrollment in this class.
DISABILITY SUPPORT SERVICES (397-4140; Clark Student Center, Room 168)
Students with disability must be registered with Disability Support Services before classroom accommodations can be provided. If you have a documented disability that will impact your work in this class, please contact me to discuss your needs.
If you need course adaptations or accommodations because of a disability, if you have emergency medical information that needs sharing, or if you need special accommodations in case the building must be evacuated, please make an appointment with the professor as soon as possible.
If work is left in the studio longer than (1) one month after the end of the semester, the department has the right to dispose of or use the unclaimed work for any purpose. If the student, upon due notification, does not claim their work after a three month period, the Department will have the right to dispose of it. The department reserves the privilege of retaining such student work as desired for reference or exhibition purposes. Provide the instructor with a written request for return of work, citing name, phone #, itemization of work, etc. Work will be retrieved during finals week of the following semester, and can be picked up on the Friday of that week.
REQUIREMENT: RECORD KEEPING_______
PLAGIARISM ISSUES: Each student will keep and submit, with the final portfolio, a three-ring binder that contains a copy of the syllabus and course schedule, cost sheet, list of works and titles of portfolio items, documents concerning each assignment,sketches, computer print-outs, reference images, internet downloads, etc., and notes on each class review. Proof must be provided that each individual's artwork is original and not plagiarized. (see “Student Standards of Conduct & “Student Honor Creed”)
DISRUPTION: (also see “Student Standards of Conduct”, “Attention Students” & “Student Honor Creed”)
Disruption or obstruction of teaching, research, administration, disciplinary proceedings, or other university activities authorized to be held or conducted on the premises of Midwestern State University. Such activity includes but is not limited to classroom behavior that interferes with either the instructor’s ability to conduct the class or the ability of other students to profit from the instructional program. Disruption of any type (headsets, interruptive talking, fighting, exhibiting an arrogant lack of respect for the instructor, lack of proper conduct in the learning environment, attitude problems, cell phone usage, cell phone
interruption/ringing, etc.) and behavioral problems will not be tolerated. Students will risk being dropped from the class and consequently receiving an "F" for displays of this nature. The instructor will determine what is inappropriate behavior.
MAINTENANCE OF CLASSROOM FACILITY
It is expected that each individual respect this work facility. You are responsible for clean-up and maintenance of your own work area, table, floor, and counters. In addition, the general studio area of shared facilities will be kept clean and orderly. These areas will be cleaned immediately upon completion of the individual's task. These are continuous expectations throughout the duration of the semester.
BUILDING HOURS AND USE
Monday - Thursday: 7:00 am - 9:30 pm
Friday 7:00 am - 5:30 pm
Saturday 7:00 am - 4:30 pm (Use south entrance)
Sunday Access by Maroon card
Student ID and proof of enrollment in class is required after hours. If you have a problem and need assistance, call campus police ext. 4239.
Dangerous equipment and materials are located throughout this building. DO NOT BRING CHILDREN INTO THESE ENVIRONMENTS. YOU ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY ACCIDENTS THAT OCCUR. Report any destruction or theft immediately to 911, campus police, department chair and course instructor.
MSU Policy #4.123 regarding children brought to the workplace is as follows: "Students, faculty and staff employees must have a safe study or work environment which is free of unnecessary distractions and interruptions. It is therefore the policy of the university that dependent children not be cared for in campus facilities and grounds (i.e., offices, classrooms, library, student center, physical education buildings, south campus, etc.) during normal working or scheduled classroom or activity hours." If you have any questions regarding this policy, please call the Office of Human Resources, ext. 4221.
If work is left in the studio longer than (1) one month after the end of the semester, the department has the right to dispose of or use the unclaimed work for any purpose. Also, the department reserves the privilege of retaining desired student work for reference or exhibition purposes. If the student, upon due notification, does not claim his work after a three month period, the Department will have the right to dispose of it.
STUDENT HONOR CREED
"As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception.
Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only tobe honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all
We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all studentwork is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student.
We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.
STANDARDS OF CONDUCT (Number 11: Academic Dishonesty)
The following standards and procedures are university policy. All students are expected
to become familiar with the information contained in this publication in order that they may be
sufficiently informed of the standards of conduct established by the university. These standards
of conduct apply to individuals as well as to individuals acting in concert with others (groups,
student organizations, etc.). Enrollment at Midwestern State University is considered by the university as implicit declaration of acceptance on the part of the student of university regulations. Violation of these
standards of conduct will subject the violator to conduct action. When students are away from the Midwestern State University campus, they are expected to conduct themselves as mature individuals. Irresponsible actions which are reported to university officials or which become public knowledge may be the cause for conduct action. It is stressed that all local, state, and federal laws are supported by the university, and violators of these could be disciplined by civil authorities and/or university officials. Being a student does not exempt a person from being a law-abiding citizen or from conducting himself
or herself as a responsible student. Specific examples of misconduct for which students may be subject to conduct action include, but are not limited to, the following:
11. Academic Dishonesty: Cheating, collusion, and plagiarism (the act of using source
material of other persons, either published or unpublished, without following the accepted
techniques of crediting, or the submission for credit of work not the individual’s to whom
credit is given). Additional guidelines on procedures in these matters may be found in the
Dean of Students’ Office.
a. The term “cheating” includes, but is not limited to: (1) use of any unauthorized
assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of
sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing
reports, solving problems, or carrying out other assignments; or (3) the acquisition,
without permission, of tests or other academic material belonging to a member of
the university faculty or staff.
b. The term “plagiarism” includes, but is not limited to, the use, by paraphrase or direct
quotation, of the published or unpublished work of another person without full and
clear acknowledgment. It also includes the unacknowledged use of materials
prepared by another person or agency engaged in the selling of term papers or other
c. The term “collusion” means collaboration with another person in preparing work
offered for credit of that collaboration is not authorized by the faculty member in
Federal privacy law prohibits me from releasing information about students to certain parties outside of the university without the signed consent of the student. Thus, in almost all cases I will not discuss your academic progress or other matters with your parents. Please do not have them call me. Regardless of these important legal considerations, it is my general policy to communicate with the students, not their parents, even when a student has signed a consent form. College students are adults and are expected to behave accordingly
Social justice is one of Midwestern State University’s stated core values, and the professor considers the classroom to be a place where students will be treated with respect as human beings, regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Moreover, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided the students can agree to disagree. It is the professor’s expectation that ALL students be able to consider the classroom a safe environment.