Pathophysiology

Course Details

Course Number: RADS 3203  Section Number: x22

Spring 2014

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: 216

Days & Times:

This is an online course so there are no specific dates and times.



Course Attachments

Textbooks

Pathophysiology for the Health Professions  ISBN: 9781437709650

APA Manual, 6th ed.  ISBN: 9781433805615

MSU Faculty Member
Jessyca Wagner MSRS, RT(R), CPUI   
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Course Objectives

Course Overview

This course investigates general pathology and organ system pathology. It includes a brief review of normal structure and function, followed by more in-depth descriptions of specific pathologic processes. Students will use textbooks and Internet resources to learn the basic characteristics, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnostic tools including medical imaging procedures, prognoses, and therapies for each of the specific pathologies. Students will participate in online discussions and write a pathology report in this course.

 

Course Objectives

Upon completion of this course, the students will:

 

  1. Describe how pathologic processes affect normal structure and function.
  2. Identify the basic characteristics, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnostic tools including medical imaging procedures, prognoses, and therapies for specific pathologies.
  3. Write a pathology report with APA citations and a properly formatted APA reference list.

Course Expectations

Teaching Strategies

Independent reading assignments, D2L open book module quizzes, directed pathology report, and a comprehensive, open book final examination.

Class Activities and Assignments

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the course schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. See the course calendar within D2L and the course schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about activities and due dates.

 

If students have technical difficulties, they should use the ‘Help’ link within D2L, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email to the professor explaining what happened.

 

All assignments must be written at the baccalaureate level and will be graded for accuracy, completeness, quality, spelling, grammar, and integrity.

 

All assignments, exams, etc. must be completed and submitted by the due date indicated on the course schedule at the end of this syllabus. If a student cannot complete a course activity by the indicated due date, the student must contact the course instructor immediately. Please note that late submissions will not be graded; students must contact the instructor for approval for late submissions. If a student has emergency issues, then the student must contact the instructor as soon as possible (within a day or two). Any activity not completed and submitted by the due date will be addressed on an individual basis.

 

  • Independent Module Readings

            Module 1: Chapters 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

            Module 2: Chapters 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 16

            Module 3: Chapters 22, 23, 26

Module 4: Chapters 17, 18, 19

Module 5: Chapters 20, 25

Module 6: Chapters 6, 21

 

  • D2L Module Quizzes (35%)

Students should complete the reading assignments, answer the chapter objectives, and review the questions at the end of the chapter before attempting the module quizzes.

 

When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he/she will log into D2L and receive a customized timed module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. Quizzes contain 31 random questions and students will have 45 minutes to complete. See the course schedule at the end of this syllabus for the open and close dates for the quizzes.

 

It is important to know the module content before attempting the module quizzes since the quizzes are timed. Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits for grading. Quizzes must be completed by the due dates or a zero (0) will be recorded. Students who know they will miss a due date because of extenuating circumstances should contact the instructor so their situations can be dealt with on an individual basis. Acceptance of an extenuating circumstance is at the discretion of the instructor.

 

If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the ‘Help’ link located on the top toolbar within D2L to contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff and send an email to the course instructor explaining what happened.

 

If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he/she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:

Module Quiz Number (1-6)

Question Stem

Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct

Include Page Numbers When Referencing the Textbook

 

For example, a student cannot send the message: “I think question number ten is wrong on quiz four” because each student gets a quiz of randomly generated test items. The instructor has to know the question stem to find the question in the database. After reviewing the situation, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points, and the test bank will be updated.

 

  • Pathology Report (30%)

The purpose of this report is to reinforce the student’s understanding of a pathologic condition and the medical imaging procedures used for diagnosing such pathology.

 

Pathology reports will include in-text citations because the information presented must be based on published scholarly information from reliable sources and cannot be created from a person’s own experiences. Unless information is common knowledge, the source should be cited. 

 

Students must synthesize and paraphrase the information they find and cite the sources of the information appropriately. The grading rubric for the report deducts points for inappropriate or inadequate sources, incorrect in-text citations, too many direct quotes, incorrect format for the references page, etc. See the grading rubric within D2L for more information.

 

  • Students need to read information about the pathology from several reliable source(s) and then put the information in their own words (paraphrasing). They need to cite the source(s) of the information with an in-text citation. 
  • If students find the reliable source has specific information they need to use word-for-word (direct quoting), they need to put the quoted information in quotation marks and cite the source (including the page number) of the information with an in-text citation.
  • Students need to resist the temptation to make this report a series of direct quotes about the pathology. Students need to show they really understand the information by combining information from several sources, organizing it correctly, and paraphrasing to summarize the information requested for each section of the presentation.

 

For help with APA citations, consult the APA Manual (6th ed.), APA resources within D2L, or contact the course instructor.

 

Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within D2L for more information on academic dishonesty.

 

Topic Approval:

Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion board by the due date indicated on the course schedule.

  • Two students within the same section of the course cannot have the same topic. To avoid duplication, students can review the discussion board to see pathologies already selected by classmates.
  • Students may NOT use pathology assignments submitted previously for other classes.  The instructor may not be aware a student has previously used a particular topic.  Even if the instructor approves the topic for this class and it is revealed later the student is using the same topic, the student will receive a zero (0) on this assignment. Students would be wise to select topics they have not written about in the past.
  • The course instructor will let the student know his/her topic is approved by posting on the discussion board.

 

Sources:

Students must cite at least 2 – 5 credible sources of information about the pathology.  Students may cite the textbook for this course as one source of information, but they may NOT use other pathology, physiology, or radiology textbooks. Information in textbooks can be outdated by the time they are published. Students should use more current information when it is available such as peer-reviewed journals.

 

Students must use scholarly journal articles or other scholarly sources for information about the pathologies. These articles can be retrieved electronically from databases such as CINAHL which is available through an online connection to Moffett Library.  Students should contact the instructor if they are not sure how to gain access to the Moffett Library databases. 

 

Students should use only credible medical websites such as the Centers for Disease Control, the American Cancer Society, etc. No more than two (2) website sources (other than journal databases) can be used. DO NOT COPY AND PASTE information from websites – see the previous explanation about paraphrasing, synthesizing, and direct quoting. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this paper because it is an ‘open source.’  This means anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the website that is not current or accurate.

 

To encourage more professional communication between technologists and radiologists, students can consult with a radiologist when preparing this report. If a student chooses to do so, five (5) bonus points will be added to the report assignment grade. Using appropriate APA formatting, the information obtained from the radiologist must be cited as a personal communication in the presentation. Incidentally, APA formatting does NOT include sources of personal communication on the reference list. Refer to the APA Manual (6th ed.) for details. In order to receive the bonus points, documentation of the communication must be correctly formatted.

 

Report Audience:

For this report, the intended audience is a staff radiographer. Students should present the content based on what the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, in this pathology report, students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered or how they are produced to support a chest x-ray is an appropriate diagnostic method to demonstrate tuberculosis. 

 

Mechanics:

Organization, grammar, spelling, and punctuation count as part of the presentation grade. Students must use baccalaureate level writing skills including complete sentences, correct grammar, and proper punctuation. 

 

Submission Format:

The pathology report must:

  • Be submitted as a Microsoft Word document to the appropriate dropbox within D2L by the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus. Students should not email their reports to the instructor. Note: Late submissions will not be accepted. Any report not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero (0). Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.
  • Be submitted as one document to include a properly formatted APA title page, body of the report with labeled sections, and a properly formatted APA reference list. See the APA Manual (6th ed.) or the APA course resources for additional help.
  • Be double-spaced.
  • Use 12 point font, Time News Roman.
  • Have page margins (top, bottom, left, and right) set at 1”.

The pathology report should follow this format with attention to page restrictions:

  • Page 1: Title Page in compliance with the APA Manual (6th ed.)

 

  • The Body (in-text citations) will begin on page two of the report:
    • Description of Pathology (minimum of 1 page, maximum of 2 pages)
      1. Describe the pathology.
      2. What other names are used for this pathology, if applicable?
      3. What causes this pathology?
      4. How does this pathology affect normal physiology?

 

  • Diagnostic Methods (minimum of 1 page, maximum of 2 pages)
    1. Specifically describe the medical imaging procedures used to detect the pathology. While BSRT students are not familiar with the clinical setting, this task is in place to introduce you to the various medical imaging procedures available to detect pathologic conditions.
    2. Using appropriate medical terminology, describe what the pathology looks like on the images. Note: You will include images demonstrating the pathology in the appendix section, but you should describe the pathology in this section.
    3. Explain how this pathology may alter the imaging procedures. For example, what needs to be done differently and/or what follow-up imaging studies need to be performed?
    4. BONUS: If you spoke to a radiologist about this pathology, document the communication in this section. This personal communication must be cited in the report, but it is not included on the reference list.

 

  • Treatment and Prognosis (minimum ½ page, maximum 1 page)
    1. What drugs and treatments are used?
    2. How do the drugs and treatments affect this pathology?

 

  • References (1 page, 2-5 scholarly sources)
    • The reference list must be in APA format according to the 6th edition APA Manual.
    • All sources on the reference list must be cited in the report. This congruence between in-text citations and the reference list is extremely important in scholarly writing.
  • Appendix (maximum 1 page)
    • Include two (2) images of this pathology. If possible, obtain one radiographic image (radiography) and one image from a different modality (ultrasound, CT scan, MR, nuclear medicine, etc.). Identify the website and/or URL underneath the image. Radiopaedia.org is a free educational radiology resource that has a large collection of images related to radiology.

 

  • Comprehensive Final Exam (35%)

The final exam is comprehensive, open-book final exam, and will be administered within D2L via ProctorU. Please make note of the open and close dates of the final exam on the course schedule at the end of this syllabus and the course calendar within D2L. The exam contains 61 random multiple-choice questions and the students have 90 minutes to complete. You may use a physical copy of your textbook ONLY, no notes, no electronic version of the text, etc.

 

ProctorU

Beginning this semester, in lieu of using the traditional proctor form and proctor sites used previously in this program, this course will now be utilizing a new proctor method, ProctorU. A PDF document provided by the company has been included in the course content under “Course Introduction & Syllabus.”

 

This entity allows you to take a proctored final at a location of your choice and convenience rather than scheduling with a testing center.  There is a fee (comparable to that of a testing center) that you are responsible for, and it is YOUR responsibility to schedule your test with ProctorU.  The instructions are in the provided document, but if you have any questions or problems, feel free to contact me.

 

There is no deadline for when you have to schedule your exam by, however the company does charge more if you wait until the last minute. Also, keep in mind the final is only open for the dates provided in the syllabus; so, when scheduling your exam with ProctorU, you MUST schedule it for a time when the final is open.


Grading Standards

Evaluation

            Module Quizzes                      35%

            Pathology Report                    30%

            Final Exam                              35%

           

Grading Scale

            A          90-100

            B          80-89

            C          70-79

            D          60-69

            F          59 or below

 

**Please note this course requires a minimum passing grade of 70.


Submission Format Policy

This course is adminstered through D2L with activities submitted via discussion board, dropbox, or test formats.



Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

All assignments, exams, etc. must be completed and submitted by the due date indicated on the course schedule at the end of this syllabus or a grade of zero (0) will be awarded. If a student cannot complete a course activity by the indicated due date, the student must contact the course instructor immediately. Please note that late submissions will not be graded; students must contact the instructor for approval for late submissions. If a student has emergency issues, then the student must contact the instructor as soon as possible (within a day or two). Any activity not completed and submitted by the due date will be addressed on an individual basis.


Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

As this is an online course there is no attendance, but students are encourage to vigilant in logging onto D2L to keep track of the course on a regular basis.


Other Policies

Special Needs

In accordance with Section 504 of the Federal Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Midwestern State University endeavors to make reasonable adjustments in its policies, practices, services, and facilities to ensure equal opportunity for qualified persons with disabilities to participate in all educational programs and activities.

 

The Office of Disability Services (ODS) provides information and assistance, arranges accommodations, and serves as a liaison for students, instructors, and staff.  The ODS has assistive devices such as books on tape, recorders, and adaptive software which can be loaned to qualified individuals.  A student/employee who seeks accommodations on the basis of disability must register with the Office of Disability Services in the Counseling Center, Clark Student Center Room 108.  Documentation of disability from a competent professional is required.

 

Individuals with grievances related to discrimination or lack of accommodation on the basis of a disability are encouraged to resolve the problem directly with the area involved.  If the matter remains unresolved, advice and/or assistance will be provided by the Office of Disability Services for resolution. The grievance procedure may be found in the Student Handbook and Activities Calendar.

 

The Director of the Counseling Center serves as the ADA Coordinator and may be contacted at (940) 397.4618, TDD (940) 397.4515, or 3410 Taft Blvd., Clark Student Center Room 108.

 

Honor System

RADS 3203 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.

 

Many components of RADS 3203 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online D2L course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive to life-long learning.

 

Specific components of RADS 3203 are designed to represent the efforts of each student individually and are not to be shared or copied (plagiarized) from other sources. These components include the module quizzes, pathology report, and the comprehensive final exam. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.

Cheating includes, but is not limited to: (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.

Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to: the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may not submit papers and assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism. Papers and other assignments may be submitted to an external agency for verification of originality and authenticity.

Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, the student should ask the instructor for clarification. If students are guilty of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) may be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.

Note: By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The “limited right” shall include, but not limited to: the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity as well as for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity to detect for plagiarism.

 

Administrative Process

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor. If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 

 

  1. Department Chair: Dr. Jeff Killion (940) 397.4679
  2. College Dean: Dr. James Johnston (940) 397.4594
  3. Dean of Students: Dail Neely (940) 397.6273

Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at http://academics.mwsu.edu/wpr, or call 397-4131.