Radiologic technologists should demonstrate increased awareness of how the human body is arranged three-dimensionally. This course provides opportunities to recognize relationships between standardized anatomical structures prior to working with variations found in "live" patients.
Upon completion of this course, a student will:
· Recognize anatomic structures in various planes.
· Relate planar anatomy to line drawings of related cross-sectional anatomy.
· Describe the spatial relationship of one structure to another.
· Differentiate between the appearances of anatomic structures among different modalities such as Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
· Identify the strengths and weaknesses of each imaging modality for identifying specific pathological processes.
ALL STUDENTS ENROLLED IN RADS 4733 COURSE MUST COMPLETE ALL COURSE REQUIREMENTS.
Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar. Each unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. The first two units (cranium & brain) are typically considered the most challenging.
The course content is divided into Units by chapters. Additional resource material is available through the Internet. Each Unit has a quiz. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for all deadlines.
Unit 1: Cranium
Unit 2: Brain
Unit 3: Spine and Neck
Unit 4: Thorax
Unit 5: Abdomen
Unit 6: Pelvis
Unit 7: Extremities
Independent Reading Assignments
Students should complete the reading assignments, answer the chapter objectives, review the Internet resources, and review any Internet resources before attempting the open book Unit quizzes. See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about Unit quiz due dates.
The illustrations in the text are orientated in the same direction as CT and MR scans. The course includes images that are coronal (front to back), sagittal (side to side), as well as axial or transverse (top to bottom). These should be easy to differentiate.
• Axial or transverse planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into top and bottom halves. Students should keep in mind that sectional images are viewed as if the patient is lying on a table and the observer is standing at the patient's feet and looking “up” at the exposed slice of the body. (The patient’s left side will be on the viewer’s right field of view) This is the most common image presentation.
• Coronal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior halves,
• Sagittal planes run parallel to an imaginary plane that divides the body into left and right halves,
While the text is more or less self-explanatory, the individual units in the course begin with diagrams relating to planar anatomy. These diagrams are included to assist the student in becoming familiar with the relationship between the anatomical structures when viewed in cross-sectional orientation.
D2L Open Book Unit Quizzes - 25%
When a student has reviewed a Unit and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a customized timed Unit quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions. See the course schedule for the due dates of the Unit quizzes. The dates in the syllabus reflect goal dates for quizzes to be completed in order to progress through the course in a timely manner. If the student does not complete the quizzes by a goal date there will be no grade penalty. All quizzes must be completed before taking the Final Exam. The student can take any quiz at any time throughout the course and in any sequence they prefer but all quizzes must be completed by the DUE DATE in the Course Schedule. If quizzes are not completed by this DUE DATE a “0” will be given for the missing quiz.
Technical issues may occur (cannot see an image, cannot see your grade, etc.). The easiest solution is to see if the issue can be corrected by simply changing browsers. Internet explorer is a good browser however fewer occurrences have been noted by using Firefox as a browser for D2L.
If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in D2L, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email right away to the course instructor explaining what happened.
If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:
w Unit Quiz Number (1 - 6)
w Question Stem
w Answer Scored as Correct by the Computer
w Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
w Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct
After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated. It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.
Sectional Anatomy Assignment - 25%
The purpose of this assignment is to enforce the unremarkable appearance of anatomy as compared to pathological changes detected on different sectional imaging modalities (CT and MRI). Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the anatomy they chose, but perhaps more importantly, this assignment provides an opportunity for students to “step back” and see which imaging modality is the most appropriate for the anatomy and condition being examined to improve the diagnosis and treatment of the patients.
The Sectional Anatomy Assignment is a short PowerPoint demonstration of knowledge. You can make this presentation as simple or as interactive as you want.
Students will pick one (1) organ, joint, or section of the spine (cervical, thoracic, or lumbar) to research. Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion board (or you can directly access the topic area by clicking the link found in module 4) by the due date indicated on the course schedule or a grade of zero will be assigned.
Note: You will be comparing CT and MRI modalities. You should do some research prior to submitting your topic for approval to determine that your chosen pathology can be imaged using both modalities.
Students must use at least 2 – 5 sources of information about this anatomy. Students may use textbooks, scholarly journal articles (Radiographics is a great source), or other scholarly sources for information about the anatomy (including electronic sources). These articles can be retrieved electronically from databases such as CINAHL which is available through online connection to Moffett Library.
Students should use only credible medical websites such as eMedicine.com. NO CUT AND PASTE of text information from websites. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this report because it is “open source.” This means that anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the website that is not current or accurate.
Students must identify the reliable sources they used to create the assignment using appropriate APA format for the reference page. You do not need to include in-text citations. For help with APA formatting the reference page, students should review the 6th edition of the APA Manual and other resources such as The OWL at Purdue website. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/ This is a quick reference and not as detailed as the writing manual.
For this assignment, the intended reader is a staff radiographer. Students should prepare this assignment based on what the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered or how they are produced to support that a CT chest with contrast is the most valuable study to see the thoracic aorta.
Organization, flow, and grammar count as part of the report grade. The assignment MUST address all criteria listed and in the order given below. DO NOT go passed the limit of slides listed for this assignment. You are to extrapolate information and properly summarize it. Slides must be written at a baccalaureate level.
The assignment must contain and be limited to the following slides:
Slide 1: A title page that includes:
Slide 2: Identify the pathology and give a brief description of important information regarding the pathology.
Slide 3: Diagnostic procedures. Briefly explain the steps needed to produce an image in both modalities. This should include items such as patient position, contrast used and how much, region of interest, etc. Do not go into a lengthy discussion. You do not need to say remove all jewelry, articles of clothing and so forth.
Slide 4: CT imaging comparison. Show a “normal” section of anatomy and compare it to an image demonstrating your chosen pathology. Identify all pertinent anatomical structures in both images using labels. Do not forget to identify the pathology.
Slide 5: MRI imaging. Use the same criteria as in slide 4.
Slide 6: Conclusion. Determine from your research, the best modality that would aid the radiologist/physician in terms of diagnosis and treatment and why.
Slide 7: References. The References list must be in APA format according to the 6th edition APA Manual
The assignment must be submitted to the appropriate assignment drop box in Desire2Learn (D2L) on or before the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus. Students should NOT email their reports to the instructor.
To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions will NOT be accepted. Any assignment not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”.
Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.
The report must be submitted as one document.
Be submitted in a 12 pt legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier, Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable.
Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.
Comprehensive Final Exam - 50%
All quizzes must be completed before the Final Exam is taken. The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L). The final examination is an online, "closed book", proctored, comprehensive examination of multiple-choice format based upon the unit objectives. Please schedule the time for the final with the proctor service. All students are REQUIRED to have a webcam, speakers or headphones & microphone for the Final Exam. SEE THE PROCTOR INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETE DETAILS. The reading assignments, unit objectives, study guides, and examinations can be utilized to review for the final. Students are not allowed to print the final exam. The exam is two (2) hours in length. The Final Exam is CLOSED BOOK. No textbooks or notes may be brought to the testing center. Late submissions will NOT be accepted. Although the exam will be online over the weekend during the time period that has been established, DO NOT schedule to take your final on the weekend. There will be no one here to provide technical help and the chance you take of not being able to complete the exam is YOUR responsibility. As a result, incomplete exams will be graded as completed.
All inquiries about the proctorU service should be directed to the appropriate instructor.
D2L Open Book Unit Quizzes 25%
Sectional Anatomy Assignment 25%
Proctored D2L Comprehensive CLOSED book Final Exam 50%
A = 100 - 90
B = 89 - 80
C = 79 - 70
D = 69 – 60
F = 59 and below
Note: This instructor does not round up the final course grade. There is no extra credit. There is no way you can go back and complete a quiz or an assignment once it is past the deadline. DO NOT ask me if you can and do not ask me for extra credit.
The last opportunity to drop this course with a grade of “W” is October 21 at 4:00pm. Refer to the Undergraduate Bulletin for details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course. In an emergency or extenuating circumstance, a student may request a grade of “Incomplete” in a course before grades are submitted. If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until thirty (30) days after the beginning of the next long semester to complete the course requirements. If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”
The comprehensive proctored final exam will be administered using Desire2Learn (D2L).
Quizzes:When a student has reviewed a Unit and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to D2L and receive a customized timed Unit quiz.
Student Assignment: The report must be submitted as one document to D2L dropbox.
Be submitted in a 12 pt legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier, Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable.Note: All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.
This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions. However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto D2L. Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. Always check the news section at the top of the homepage. If nothing appears click on the title or the arrow to review any information that may have been added
RADS 4733 adheres to the MSU Code of Conduct. In particular, academic dishonesty, however small, creates a breach in academic integrity. A student’s participation in this course comes with the expectation that his or her work will be completed in full observance of the MSU Code of Student Conduct. A student should consult the current Student Handbook for answers to any questions about the code.
Many components of RADS 4733 are designed to be highly interactive with students helping each other learn. Students are encouraged to take full advantage of many resources available including online D2L course resources, Internet sites, other textbooks and journals, faculty, and peers when answering objectives. This interactive collegial learning environment is conducive for life-long learning.
All components of RADS 4733 are designed to represent the efforts of each student INDIVIDUALLY and NOT to be shared, copied, or plagiarized from other sources. When students submit their efforts for grading, they are attesting they abided by this rule.
Please note: Cheating includes, but is not limited to, (1) use of any unauthorized assistance in taking quizzes, tests, or examinations; (2) dependence upon the aid of sources beyond those authorized by the instructor in writing papers, preparing reports, solving problems, or completing other assignments; or (3) the acquisition of tests or other academic materials belonging to the university faculty or staff without permission.
Plagiarism includes, but is not limited to, the use of, by paraphrase or direct quotation without correct citation in the text and on the reference list, the published or unpublished works of another person. Students may NOT submit assignments that they have previously submitted for this or other courses. The use of materials generated by agencies engaged in "selling" term papers is also plagiarism. Students are encouraged to review the tutorials and suggested websites for more information about plagiarism.
Academic dishonesty (cheating, plagiarism, etc.) will not be tolerated in this class. Whenever a student is unsure of whether a particular situation will be interpreted as academic dishonesty, he/she should ask the instructor for clarification. If determined, all students who are guilty of any form of academic dishonesty, a grade of zero (0) will be given for the quiz, assignment, etc. Cases may also be referred to the Dean of Students for possible dismissal from the university.
By enrolling in this course, the student expressly grants MSU a “limited right” in all intellectual property created by the student for the purpose of this course. The “limited right” shall include but shall not be limited to the right to reproduce the student’s work product in order to verify originality and authenticity, and for educational purposes. Specifically, faculty may submit student papers and assignments to an external agency to verify originality and authenticity, and to detect for plagiarism.
Communication with Instructor:
Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus. Email is the preferred mode of communication. Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course.
Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students.
The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session. Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc.).
I will be available to meet live (face to face) with any interested students on Thursday August 29, Bridwell Hall room 302 from 1100- 2:00 pm. This is not a mandatory meeting however I will be available for whoever is interested. Because of other commitments by faculty, it is strongly suggested that you make an appointment with faculty. Do not just show up.
When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “students.mwsu.edu” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account.