Course Details

Course Number: RADS 3203  Section Number: X20

Spring 2011

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: Internet

Days & Times:

Internet course

Course Attachments


Pathophysiology for the health professions (4th ed
Gould, B.E. & Dyer, R. (2010). Pathophysiology for the health professions (4rd ed.). Philadelphia: Saunders [ISBN-13: 978-1-4377-0965-0]
  ISBN: 978-1-4377-0965-0

Publication manual of the APA
Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).
  ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5

MSU Faculty Member
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)   
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Course Objectives

Course Overview:

This course investigates general pathology and organ system pathology.  It includes a brief review of normal structure and function, followed by more in-depth descriptions of specific pathologic processes. Students will use textbooks and Internet resources to learn the basic characteristics, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, diagnostic tools including medical imaging procedures, prognoses, and therapies for each of the specific pathologies.  Students will participate in online discussions and a pathology report in this course. 

Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course, a student will: 

  • Describe how pathologic processes affect normal structure and function.
  • Identify the basic characteristics, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnostic tools including medical imaging procedures, prognoses, and therapies for specific pathologies.
  • Create a pathology report with an APA in-text citations and APA reference list.

Course Expectations

Teaching Strategies:

Independent reading assignments, Blackboard open book module quizzes, development of pathology report, and proctored Blackboard open book final examination.



This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions.  However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto Blackboard.  Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner. 

Grading Standards


Blackboard Open Book Module Quizzes                                     35%

Pathology Report                                                                             30%

Blackboard Open Book Comprehensive Final Exam              35%


Grade Scale:

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below


The last opportunity to drop this course with a grade of “W” is March 21, 2011 at 4:00pm. Refer to the Undergraduate Bulletin for details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course.  In an emergency or extenuating circumstance, a student may request a grade of “Incomplete” in a course before grades are submitted.  If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until thirty (30) days after the beginning of the next long semester to complete the course requirements.  If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”

Administrative Process:

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 


Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4615)

College Dean – Dr. Susan Sportsman (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273)




Submission Format Policy



Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar.  See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates.





The course content is divided into modules by chapters.  Additional resource material is available through the Internet.  Each module has a quiz.  See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for quiz deadlines.



Module 1:  Chapters 1 – 5   Basic Concepts


Module 2:  Chapters 7,8,10,11,12,13,16  Effects of Disease Process


Module 3:  Chapters 26  Musculoskeletal, 22 Acute Neuro, 23 Chronic Neuro

(with light coverage of Chronic Degenerative Disorders pp 585-594, Dementia pp 522-524, and Mental Disorders pp 524-526)


Module 4:  Chapters 17 Blood Lymph,  18 Cardiovascular, 19 Respiratory


Module 5:  Chapters 20 GI,   25 Endocrine


Module 6:  Chapter 6 Fluid, Electrolyte, Acid-Base, Chapter 21 Urinary


Independent Reading Assignments


Students should complete the reading assignments, answer the chapter objectives, review the Internet resources, and review the questions at the chapter end before attempting the open book module quizzes.  See the Course Schedule at the end of this syllabus for specific information about module quiz due dates. 



Blackboard Open Book Module Quizzes - 35%


When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to Blackboard and receive a customized timed module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions.  See the course schedule for the open and close dates for the quizzes.


It is important to know the module content before attempting the module quizzes because the quizzes are timed.  Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his or her quiz for grading.


Students are encouraged take the quizzes at regular intervals throughout the semester to provide a better educational experience, but all module quizzes are available starting the day classes begin to provide maximum flexibility with student schedules. Quizzes must be completed by the due dates or a “0” will be recorded. Students who know they will miss a due date because of extenuating circumstances should contact the instructor so their situations can be dealt with on an individual basis.  Acceptance of an extenuating circumstance is the discretion of the instructor.


If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in Blackboard, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email right away to the course instructor explaining what happened.


If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to the course instructor that includes the following:


  • Module Quiz Number (1 - 6)
  • Question Stem
  • Answer Scored as Correct by the Computer
  • Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
  • Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct
  • Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale


For example, a student can not send the message “I think question number ten is wrong on quiz four” because each student gets a quiz of randomly generated test items.  The instructor has to know the question stem to find the question in the database. 


After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated.  It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.



Pathology Report - 30%



The purpose of this report is to reinforce the role of medical imaging procedures for diagnosing pathologies.  Students should demonstrate that they have an understanding of the pathologies they chose, but perhaps more importantly, this report provides an opportunity for students to “step back” and see how the procedures done every day in medical imaging departments is a vital component for successful diagnosis and treatment of the patients who have these pathologies.



Pathology reports for this class must have in-text citations because the reports must be based on published scholarly information in reliable sources and cannot be created from a person’s own experiences.  Unless information is common knowledge, the source should be cited. 


Students must synthesize and paraphrase the information they find and cite the sources of the information appropriately.  The grading rubric for the paper deducts points for inappropriate or inadequate sources, incorrect in-text citations, too many direct quotes, incorrect number of pages per section, incorrect format for the references page, etc. See the grading rubric on the course website for more information.


  • Students need to read information about the pathology from several reliable source(s) and then put the information in their own words (paraphrasing).  They need to cite the source(s) of the information with an in-text citation. 
  • If students find that the reliable source has specific information that they need to use word-for-word (direct quoting), they need to put the quoted information in quotation marks and cite the source (including the page number) of the information with an in-text citation.
  • Students need to resist the temptation to make this report a series of direct quotes about the pathology.  Students need to show they really understand the information by combining information from several sources, organizing it correctly, and paraphrasing to summarize the information requested for each section of the report.


Refer to the Honor System section of this syllabus, the course instructor, and the links within Blackboard for more information on academic dishonesty.


Students should refer to the sample paper on the course website for ideas about how the report should be done.



Topic Approval:

Students must submit their topic requests to the appropriate discussion board by the due date indicated on the course schedule.


  • Two students within the same section of the course cannot have the same topic. To avoid duplication, students can review the discussion board to see pathologies already selected by classmates.
  • Students may NOT use pathology reports submitted previously for other classes.  The instructor may not be aware that a student has previously used a particular topic.  Even if the instructor approves the topic for this class and it is revealed later that the student is using the same topic, the student will receive a zero on this assignment. Students would be wise to select topics they have not written about in the past.
  • The course instructor will let the student know his/her topic is approved by posting on the discussion board.



Students must cite at least 2 – 5 sources of information about this pathology.  Students may cite the textbook for this course as one source of information, but they may NOT use other pathology, physiology, or radiology textbooks.  Information in textbooks can be outdated by the time they are published.  Students should use more current information when it is available.


Students must use scholarly journal articles or other scholarly sources for information about the pathologies. These articles can be retrieved electronically from databases such as CINAHL which is available through online connection to Moffett Library.  Students should contact the instructor if they are not sure how to gain access to the Moffett Library databases. 


Students should use only credible medical website such as the Centers for Disease Control, the American Cancer Society, etc.  No more than two (2) website sources (other than journal databases) can be used.  NO CUT AND PASTE information from websites is allowed – see the previous explanation about paraphrasing, synthesizing, and direct quoting. Wikipedia is convenient for casual use, but it is NOT a reliable source for this report because it is “open source.”  This means that anyone can modify the content on the website so you might be using information from the website that is not current or accurate.


To encourage more professional communication between technologists and radiologists, students must consult with a radiologists when preparing these reports.  Using appropriate APA formatting, the information obtained from the radiologist must be cited as a personal communication in the text of the report.  Incidentally, APA formatting does NOT include sources of personal communication on the reference list. Refer to the 6th edition APA Manual for details.


Report Format:

Students must identify the reliable sources they used to create the report using appropriate APA format for in-text citations and for the reference page. The grading rubric for the report deducts points for non-compliance with APA formatting. For help with APA formatting for in-text citations and the reference page, students should review the 6th edition of the APA Manual and the resources linked to the course Blackboard page, including the sample report. 



Report Audience:

For this report, the intended reader is a staff radiographer. Students should write these reports based on what the typical staff radiographer already knows. For example, in this pathology report students do NOT need to explain how x-rays were discovered or how they are produced to support that a chest x-ray is an appropriate diagnostic method to demonstrate tuberculosis. 



Organization, flow, and grammar count as part of the report grade. The pathology report should be clearly labeled with the sections identified in the list below (Submission Format).  The information needs to flow smoothly from one section to the next.  Students must use baccalaureate-level writing skills including complete sentences and correct grammar. 


Submission Format:

The pathology reports must:


  • Be submitted as Microsoft WORD documents to the appropriate assignment dropbox in Blackboard on or before the due date indicated at the end of the syllabus.  Students should NOT email their reports to the instructor. 
  • To allow sufficient time for grading and providing feedback, late submissions will NOT be accepted.Any report not submitted or submitted after the deadline will be assessed a grade of zero “0”.
  • Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.
    • The instructor will not accept Microsoft WORKS or WordPerfect files. 
  • The report must be submitted as one document that includes the standard MSU Radiologic Sciences cover page, body of the report with labeled sections, and the reference list.
  • Be double-spaced
  • Be submitted in a 12 pt legible font (e.g. Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman are acceptable – Courier, Verbena, or other “fancy” fonts are not acceptable)
  • Have page margins must be set at 1”
  • Have before and after line spacing for paragraphs set at zero
  • Include ONLYthe following in clearly labeled sectionsand following the page restrictionsas indicated below


Page #1 – Standard MSU Radiologic Sciences Cover Page


Starting on page #2: Body of the Report


Description of Pathology (minimum of 1 page, maximum of 2 pages in length)

  • Describe this pathology.
  • What other names are used for this pathology, if applicable? 
  • What causes this pathology?
  • How does this pathology affect normal physiology?


Diagnostic Methods (minimum of 1 page, maximum of 2 pages in length)

  • Specificallydescribe medical imaging procedures – this is one of the main purposes for doing this report because it focuses on the roles of medical imaging!
  • Using appropriate medical terminology, describe what this pathology looks like on the images.  Students will include the images demonstrating the pathology in the appendix, but they should DESCRIBE the pathology on images here.
  • Explain how this pathology may alter these procedures.
  • For example: What needs to be done differently and/or what follow up imaging studies need to be performed and /or how will the pathology appear on the images?
  • Each student is required to interact with at least one RADIOLOGIST about using medical imaging for this pathology.  This personal communication should be cited in the report, but should not be included in the Reference List, according to APA guidelines.


Treatment & Prognosis (minimum ½ page, maximum 1 page in length)

  • What drugs and treatments are used?
  • How do the drugs and treatments affect this pathology?


Appendix (maximum 1 page in length)

  • Include 2 images of this pathology. One must be a plain radiographic image and the second must be from a different imaging modality. If plain radiography is not appropriate, use two images from two different imaging modalities. The appendix does not need to be in APA format but needs to have the URL underneath the image if the image is from a website.


Starting on a new page, (probably about page #6)



  • The References  list must be in APA format according to the 6th edition APA Manual
  • All sources on the references list must be cited in the report, and all in-text citations must be referenced on the references list


Note:All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such.


Comprehensive Final Exam - 35%


The comprehensive proctored open-book final exam will be administered using Blackboard.  Each student must have a proctor and test site approved by the course instructor before taking the exam.  Students are not allowed to print the final examThe exam is two (2) hours in length. Note that the Comprehensive Final Exam closes at 5:00 pm Central Time, so students need to schedule accordingly.


Proctor Guidelines and the Proctor Application form are available from Blackboard.  The MSU Radiologic Sciences department now uses a standardized protocol and proctor application.  Students must provide the proctor with the Proctor Guidelines.  Students should submit the completed proctor application to the instructor (fax, US mail, or email from proctor) by the scheduled due date at the end of this syllabus.  All inquires about the proctor application should be directed to the appropriate instructor.  

Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Students are encouraged take the quizzes at regular intervals throughout the semester to provide a better educational experience, but all module quizzes are available starting the day classes begin to provide maximum flexibility with student schedules. Quizzes must be completed by the due dates or a “0” will be recorded. Students who know they will miss a due date because of extenuating circumstances should contact the instructor so their situations can be dealt with on an individual basis.  Acceptance of an extenuating circumstance is the discretion of the instructor.


Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements

Communication with Instructor:

Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus.  Email is the preferred mode of communication.  Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course.

Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students.


The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session.  Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc)


When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account.   

Other Policies







* Note: These are Central Times


Classes begin


Quiz 1is available until midnight, (30 questions, 1 hour)


Pathology Report Topicrequests are due by midnight Monday

Submit your request to the appropriate discussion board forum


Quiz 2is available until midnight,  (30 questions, 1 hour)


Quiz 3is available until midnight, (30 questions, 1 hour)

03/21 4:00pm

Last Day to withdraw with a “W” in the class



Quiz 4is available until midnight, (30 questions, 1 hour)



Pathology Report dueby midnight,  Monday

Submit the report to the assignment dropbox as a single Word document. 

The file should be named:   “lastname_topic”…….e.g.., smith_COPD


Quiz 5 is available until midnight, (30 questions, 1 hour)


Proctor Applicationdue by 5:00 Tuesday


Quiz 6is available until midnight, (30 questions, 1 hour)



TheOpen - Book Final Exam will only be available May 9 through May 11. 

The exam must be complete and submitted for grading by 5:00 pm on May 11.

(60 questions, 2 hours) 


Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.