Course Details

Course Number: RADS 3773  Section Number: X21

Spring 2011

Location: Bridwell Hall

Classroom Number: Internet

Days & Times:

Internet course

Course Attachments


Primer of Medical Radiobiology (2nd ed.)
Travis, E.L., (1989). Primer of Medical Radiobiology (2nd ed.). Chicago: Mosby-Year Book.
  ISBN: 978-1-4338-0561-5

MSU Faculty Member
Vicki Sanders MSRS, RRA, RT(R)(CV)   
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Course Objectives

Course Overview:

            This course will provide the radiologic science professional theories and principles of the interaction of ionizing radiation with living systems. Radiation affects on biologic molecules & organisms and factors affecting biological response are explored. Acute and long-term effects of ionizing radiation exposure are discussed. Applications in diagnostic and therapeutic settings are presented.


Course Objectives:  Upon completion of this course, a student will:

  • Apply scientific principles of cell biology.
  • Identify basic biologic interactions of ionizing radiation with living cells.
  • Summarize human cellular response to ionizing radiation.
  • Explain living tissue radiation biology.
  • Discuss modification of living cells and tissue responses to ionizing radiation.
  • Describe radiation pathology in relationship to human systems, organs, or structures.
  • Explain total radiation response to the human adult, child, fetus, and embryo.
  • Summarize late effects of ionizing radiation on humans.
  • Apply radiobiology theories and models to diagnostic and therapeutic practices.
  •  Conduct research related to ionizing radiation and its impact on living tissue.

Course Expectations



Travis, E.L., (1989). Primer of Medical Radiobiology (2nd ed.). Chicago: Mosby-Year Book. [ISBN 978-0-8151-8837-7]


Additional Resources (utilize as needed to supplement textbook and modules)


American Psychological Association (2011). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. [IBSN13: 978-1-4338-0561-5]


Statkiewicz-Sherer, M.A., Visonti, P.J., Ritenour, E.R. (1998). Radiation Protection in Medical Radiography (3rd ed.). St. Louis Mosby.


Seeram, E., (1997). Radiation Protection. Philadelphia Lippincott.


Bushong, S.C. (1993). Radiologic Science for Technologists (7th ed.). St. Louis Mosby.



Teaching Strategies:

Independent reading assignments, Blackboard open book module quizzes, Annotated Bibliography, Discussion Board participation, and Blackboard CLOSED book Final Exam are used in this course 


Communication with Instructor:

Contact information for the instructor is listed at the beginning of this syllabus.  Email is the preferred mode of communication.  Students must use their standardized MSU Student email for correspondence about this course.

Faculty members will not be responsible for keeping up with other email addresses for students. If you have not established this account, do so as soon as possible by going to:


The instructor will respond or at least acknowledge email messages from students within a maximum of five (5) business days when MSU is in session.  Beyond standard university holidays and breaks, the instructor will notify students of any extended periods of time when email contact is not practical (professional meetings, etc)


When there is a need to contact students, the instructor will use the students’ “” email account. The instructor is not responsible for sending emails to any other email account.   


Grading Standards


  •   Unit Quizzes                                                                      = 30%
  •   Annotated Bibliography                                                          = 20%
  •   Discussion Board Participation                                                =10%
  •   Comprehensive Closed Book Final Exam                   = 40%


  • Grade Scale:

A = 100 - 90

B = 89 - 80

C = 79 - 70

D = 69 – 60

F = 59 and below



The last opportunity to drop this course with a grade of “W” is 4:00pm March 21, 2011. Refer to the Undergraduate Bulletin for details about receiving a grade of “Incomplete” in a course.  In an emergency or extenuating circumstance, a student may request a grade of “Incomplete” in a course before grades are submitted.  If the instructor grants the “Incomplete,” the student has until thirty (30) days after the beginning of the next long semester to complete the course requirements.  If the student does not complete the course requirements within the deadline, the grade of “Incomplete” will automatically convert into a grade of “F.”


Administrative Process:

Unresolved issues related to this course should be first addressed between the student and the course instructor.  If there is no resolution, students must follow this sequence: 

Department Chair – Dr. Donna Wright (940-397-4615)

College Dean – Dr. Susan Sportsman (940-397-4594)

Dean of Students – Dail Neely (940-397-6273) 

Submission Format Policy



Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar.  See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. Assignments turned in are considered completed assignments and will be graded accordingly.


Unit Quizzes (30%)


            When a student has reviewed a module and is ready for the quiz, he or she will log on to Blackboard and receive a customized timed module quiz consisting of randomized multiple choice questions.  See the course schedule for the open and close dates for the quizzes.


Quiz scores will be available immediately after a student submits his or her quiz for grading.


All quizzes are open the day that classes begin, so you can work ahead. Quizzes must be completed and submitted by the completion date as indicated on the course schedule. Quizzes not completed by the indicated due dates will be graded as zero (0). Students should contact the instructor in extenuating circumstances; such cases will be dealt with on an individual basis.


If students have technical difficulties during a quiz, they should use the “Help” link at the top toolbar in Blackboard, contact the MSU Information Systems Support Staff, and send an email to the course instructor explaining what happened.


If a student finds a faulty quiz test item or believes that a quiz question has been scored incorrectly, he or she should send an email to

the course instructor that includes the following:


  • Module Quiz Number (I –VI)
  • Answer the Student Thinks Should be Correct
  • Rationale Supporting Why the Student’s Answer is Correct
  • Page numbers must be included when referencing the textbook in a rationale


After reviewing the case, if the course instructor thinks a revision is justified, the student’s quiz score will be revised to reflect the additional points and the test bank will be updated.  It may take several weeks for the student to receive a response because the instructor works on batches of questions for a particular quiz at a time.



Annotated Bibliography (20%)

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, and documents. Each citation is followed by a brief (usually about 150 words) descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited. Creating an annotated bibliography calls for the application of a variety of intellectual skills: concise exposition, succinct analysis, and informed library research.

First, locate and record citations to 5 articles in peer-reviewed journals that contain information that is relevant to this course (Ionizing radiation, biological effects, dose control, etc.). Cite the book, article, or document using the APA style. The paper should include a concise annotation that summarizes the central theme and scope of the article. You must also discuss one of the following for each annotation (choose one):

a. evaluate the authority or background of the author

b. comment on the intended audience

c. compare or contrast this work with another you have cited,

d. explain how this work illuminates your bibliography topic.


The assignment is due on the date in the course calendar found at the end of the syllabus.


See the Assignments link in the Course Tools for more complete instructions (including format and examples) for this assignment


Note:All assignments received are considered complete and will be graded as such. Late assignment passed the due date in the Course Schedule will not be accepted and a grade of “0” will be recorded.Early submissions are appreciated; however, they will not be returned until the end of the semester after all reports have been graded.


Discussion Board Participation (10%)


A discussion board is established for the course. Students should visit the board at least once a week during the semester. Regular and continuous participation in this type of classroom discussion accounts for 10% of the course grade and students should designate a time each week to participate in this class activity.  Fulfilling the requirements at the end of the semester does NOT constitute regular and continuous participation. Any student who chooses to participate in this manner will not receive full credit for this activity.

Each student must post one (1) discussion-type question* on the forum for class discussion during the semester. Each student must respond to at least ten (10) posted questions. The student posting the question will serve as the resource for the discussion by their classmates. Questions and responses must be completed by the dates published in the course calendar.  No late postings will be used in calculating your grade.

The discussion board is designed to encourage interaction between course students. Have fun with this activity but take it seriously because it does contribute to your course grade. Please make sure questions are course related when posting them. Remember that posting a question will account for a significant portion of the course participation grade. This portion of the course grade will be based upon two things: posting a question & replying to any questions/comments from classmates; and responding to questions posted by classmates.  

*What is a "discussion-type question"?  A discussion-type question is one that does not necessarily have a right or wrong answer, unlike a "factual question".  If I ask what the sum of 2 + 2 is, we know that (hopefully) that the answer is 4 -- That is a "fact" & there is no room for discussion.  There is a right answer & an unlimited number of wrong answers.


 Blackboard Closed Book Final Exam – (40%)


            The final examination is a proctored, "closed book", comprehensive examination of multiple-choice format.  The final exam is a timed, 2 hour (120 minute) test. Students must complete the final (and all course work) by the dates published in the course schedule.All final examinations will be administered during the designated date(s) and time(s) listed in the calendar and/or syllabus. There will be NO alteration of any type to this schedule.

Extenuating circumstances may be discussed and an alternative arrangement may be made at the discretion of the instructor.

Note:Any decision by the instructor is final and there will be no further changes made.


Please schedule the time for the final with your proctor when completing the required Proctor Application form and returning the application by the due date in the course schedule. You are encouraged to try accessing the course from the proctor's computer prior to showing up for your Final so that access issues (such as pop-up blockers & firewall) can be remedied prior to your scheduled test time.

The unit objectives, study guides, and examinations can be utilized to review for the final. 


Typically acceptable proctor sites and candidates include: 


  • College or University Testing Centers
  • Officials at military base education offices
  • Commercial testing services such as Sylvan, Thomson-Prometric, or Pearson VUE Testing Centers are NOT accepted as testing centers.


The exam site must have reliable Internet connections and should have at least two Internet browsers available (Netscape Navigator and Microsoft Explorer).  Sites with extensive firewalls and high security mechanisms may not work for testing.  Please test to be sure you can connect to Blackboard before committing to a proctor site.  High speed connections are more desirable than traditional phone line connections.  The site must support an independent phone line in addition to the computer connection so that calls can be made while the student is connected online.  The proctor must have moderate computer expertise including the ability and authorization to reboot the remote computer.  The student is responsible for any fees proctors charge for their services. 


Even if someone has served as a proctor in previous courses, he or she will not be accepted as a proctor for this course if he or she does not meet these criteria.  Proctor emails will only be sent to commercial or educational email addresses.  Proctor approval is at the discretion of the course instructor.


The proctor form is available in .pdf format from Blackboard.  The proctor forms for this course have been redesigned so please use the appropriate proctor forms.   Students should review the form and get the proctor information ahead of time.  Students should then open the Adobe PDF file and type the required information in the boxes on the forms.  Students should print the forms and have the proctor sign the forms.  The students should then fax the forms to the course instructor (Fax Number 940-397-4845). 


Each student can set his/her exam appointment anytime between 9am and 9pm.  It is better to take the exam during normal working hours to be sure that MSU Technical Support will be available.  The course instructor will provide the examination password to the proctor by email. 


The instructor may be available by phone and email during the exam time in case there are technical difficulties with the electronic version of the exam.  If there are any problems during the exam, the proctor should call the course instructor (Toll Free 866-575-4305, Direct 940-397-4083, Cell 940-249-0100) If the instructor is not available, contact MSU Technical Support through MSU Blackboard, and send an email to the instructor explaining what happened.  The exam may have to be rescheduled.


Note: You may not submit a paper for a grade in this class that already has been (or will be) submitted for a grade in another course, unless you obtain the explicit written permission of me and the other instructor involved in advance.

Late Paper Policy

Students can proceed through the course content at their own pace within the boundaries set by the Course Schedule and the MSU Academic Calendar.  See the Course Schedule for specific information about activities and due dates. Late work is not accepted and a zero (0) will be recorded after the due date. Assignments turned in are considered completed assignments and will be graded accordingly. 

Plagiarism Policy Plagiarism is the use of someone else's thoughts, words, ideas, or lines of argument in your own work without appropriate documentation (a parenthetical citation at the end and a listing in "Works Cited")-whether you use that material in a quote, paraphrase, or summary. It is a theft of intellectual property and will not be tolerated, whether intentional or not.

Student Honor Creed

As an MSU Student, I pledge not to lie, cheat, steal, or help anyone else do so."

As students at MSU, we recognize that any great society must be composed of empowered, responsible citizens. We also recognize universities play an important role in helping mold these responsible citizens. We believe students themselves play an important part in developing responsible citizenship by maintaining a community where integrity and honorable character are the norm, not the exception. Thus, We, the Students of Midwestern State University, resolve to uphold the honor of the University by affirming our commitment to complete academic honesty. We resolve not only to be honest but also to hold our peers accountable for complete honesty in all university matters. We consider it dishonest to ask for, give, or receive help in examinations or quizzes, to use any unauthorized material in examinations, or to present, as one's own, work or ideas which are not entirely one's own. We recognize that any instructor has the right to expect that all student work is honest, original work. We accept and acknowledge that responsibility for lying, cheating, stealing, plagiarism, and other forms of academic dishonesty fundamentally rests within each individual student. We expect of ourselves academic integrity, personal professionalism, and ethical character. We appreciate steps taken by University officials to protect the honor of the University against any who would disgrace the MSU student body by violating the spirit of this creed. Written and adopted by the 2002-2003 MSU Student Senate.

Students with Disabilities The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a federal anti-discrimination statute that provides comprehensive civil rights protection for persons with disabilities. Among other things, this legislation requires that all students with disabilities be guaranteed a learning environment that provides for reasonable accommodation of their disabilities. If you believe you have a disability requiring an accommodation, please contact the Disability Support Services in Room 168 of the Clark Student Center, 397-4140.

Safe Zones Statement The professor considers this classroom to be a place where you will be treated with respect as a human being - regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, national origin, religious affiliation, sexual orientation, political beliefs, age, or ability. Additionally, diversity of thought is appreciated and encouraged, provided you can agree to disagree. It is the professor's expectation that ALL students consider the classroom a safe environment.

Contacting your Instructor All instructors in the Department have voicemail in their offices and MWSU e-mail addresses. Make sure you add your instructor's phone number and e-mail address to both email and cell phone lists of contacts.

Attendance Requirements


This is an online course and there are no mandatory sessions.  However, the student should be vigilant in logging onto Blackboard.  Regular checks will insure that messages from the instructor are received in a timely manner.


Other Policies







* Note: These are Central Times

January 15, 2011

First day of class, All quizzes are opened

February 1, 2011

Quiz 1 due by midnight

February 22, 2011

Quiz 2 due by midnight

March 22, 2011

Quiz 3 due by midnight

April 12, 2011

Quiz 4 due by midnight

April 18, 2011

Annotated Bibliographies due by midnight

May 3, 2011

Quiz 5 due by midnight

May 3, 2011

Proctor Applications due by 5:00pm

May 6, 2011

All Discussion Board postings due by midnight

May 9-11th , 2011

Final Exams must be completed by 8:00pm CST on 05/11/11 

Writing Proficiency Requirement All students seeking a Bachelor's degree from Midwestern State University must satisfy a writing proficiency requirement once they've 1) passed English 1113 and English 1123 and 2) earned 60 hours. You may meet this requirement by passing either the Writing Proficiency Exam or English 2113. Please keep in mind that, once you've earned over 90 hours, you lose the opportunity to take the $25 exam and have no option but to enroll in the three-credit hour course. If you have any questions about the exam, visit the Writing Proficiency Office website at, or call 397-4131.