14th Annual Speakers & Issues Series





Presenter:      Dr. Carter L. Hudgins

Date:              Thursday, April 23, 2015  7:00 pm

Location:       Wichita Falls Art Museum at Midwestern State University

Description:  Sir Walter Raleigh, Thomas Harriot and the Search for the Lost Colony

This illustrated lecture will review the archaeological search for the Lost Colony on Roanoke Island in North Carolina.  That search has followed routes, some overland and some over water, laid out when the ambitions of entrepreneurial Englishmen collided with Spanish strategies for North America in the 1580's along the south Atlantic coast.  Excavations in England, Ireland, the Carolinas and Virginia and the rediscovery of ancient maps drawn in North Carolina by explorer John White in 1586 have opened a window on who took the risks and how they fared and how what happened on a small island along the North Carolina coast affected the course of Irish and American history.  Thomas Harriot, astronomer, mathematician, and scientist, explored North Carolina in the 1580's for Sir Walter Raleigh and rented a house from him in Ireland in the 1590's.  Archaeological investigations at both sites and at Jamestown in Virginia are leading to new understandings of the shape and character of the life on the England's New World frontier.


Carter L. Hudgins is currently Director of the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation jointly sponsored by Clemson University and the College of Charleston.  Prior to joining the Clemson faculty, Hudgins was Hofer Distinguished Professor of Early American Culture and Historic Preservation at the University of Mary Washington where he served multiple terms as chairperson of the Department of Historic Preservation and the Department of History and American Studies.  A native of Franklin, Virginia, Hudgins completed a BA at the University of Richmond and an MA at Wake Forest University prior to receiving the PhD in early American history from the College of William and Mary.  Trained as an historian and archaeologist, Hudgins has directed archaeological projects in Virginia, North Carolina, Brazil and Ireland.  He is currently completing an archaeological investigation of an abandoned seventeenth-century town on the Caribbean island of Nevis and is involved with his current students in the architectural investigation and documentation of eleventh-century Molana Abbey in County Waterford, Ireland.  Hudgins’ research in Ireland is an extension of the archaeological investigation conducted in conjunction with the First Colony Foundation of the site of the so-called Lost Colony on Roanoke Island in North Carolina.  Molana Abbey was for a brief period in the 1590s the residence of astronomer and mathematician Thomas Harriot, the science officer of the Roanoke Colony. Six Virginia governors appointed him to boards that set policy for the Commonwealth in the areas of historic resources, libraries and archives.  During his tenure as executive director of Historic Charleston Foundation from 1993 to 2000, Hudgins oversaw completion of several museum house projects including the restoration of the Nathaniel Russell House, structural repairs and restoration of Charleston’s early eighteenth-century Powder Magazine, and the acquisition and extensive conservation of the Aiken-Rhett House before its opening to  public.  He is the author of essays on historic preservation policy and the archaeology and architecture of early Virginia.   


 Dr. Meddaugh

Presenter:      Dr. W. Scott Meddaugh, Robert L. Bolin Distinguished Professor of Petroleum Geology, Midwestern State University

Date:              Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Location:        Wichita Falls Art Museum at Midwestern State University

Description:   Fracking - Just the Facts, Please

Fracking, better referred to as hydraulic fracturing, has been used in the petroleum industry for many decades to enhance production from wells in conventional oil and natural gas reservoirs.  With the discovery two decades or so ago that large scale hydraulic fracturing in combination with long reach horizontal drilling could be used to economically develop the huge unconventional shale gas or shale oil reservoirs in the United States and many other countries has the term fracking entered the common language.  There is no question that fracking the unconventional oil and gas reservoirs in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Pennsylvania, Ohio and other states has its proponents and its detractors.   Fracking has become so controversial that separating fact from fiction, known from unknown, and reality from speculation has become difficult for the non-specialist. 

This talk will focus on what is known and unknown about fracking and its impact at several scales – from the individual land owner to the United States and to the global community.   Specific questions to be addressed include:

  • What is fracking?

  • Has fracking contaminated groundwater or surface water supplies?

  • Does fracking produce earthquakes?

  • What are the longer term societal and environmental impacts of fracking at the local, national, and international scale?

  • Is additional oversight of the fracking industry needed?  And if so, what kind of oversight?


Dr. W. Scott Meddaugh joined the Midwestern State University faculty in August 2013 as the Robert L. Bolin Distinguished Professor of Petroleum Geology.  He has over 32 years of major oil company experience with Chevron and Gulf.  His focus areas included reservoir characterization and modeling (static and dynamic), subsurface uncertainty assessment, geostatistics, and high end technical software development and deployment. His career with Chevron includes several years of supervisory and technical project management experience, including international major capital projects.  He has worked on major reservoir projects worldwide including projects in the Permian Basin, California, Louisiana, Texas, and Wyoming as well as Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Venezuela, Kazakhstan, Argentina, and West Africa.

He received a PhD in geology from Harvard University in 1983.  He is a member of the AAPG, SPE, EAGE, and GSA.  He also serves as an Associate Editor of the SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Evaluation Journal and is a technical editor for several other industry journals.  In 2014 he received a Distinguished Technical Editor award for his work on the SPE Economics & Management Journal.   He served on the program committees for the 2011 SPE Forum on Uncertainty Management and Risk Mitigation over Asset Lifecycles, the 2012 EAGE Innovation in Reservoir Modeling Conference: Integrating Data for Optimum Reservoir Management, and the 2014 CSPG Gussow Conference on Geomodeling. He has authored or co-authored over 30 peer reviewed and SPE technical papers on industry topics ranging from reservoir characterization and modeling to oil shale characterization; from soft rock to hard rock geology and isotope geochemistry.